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全国MBA/MPA/MPAcc联考07年1月英语真题

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Section I Vocabulary (10 points) Directions:There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C,and D.Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then blacken the corresponding
Section I Vocabulary (10 points)
    Directions:There  are  20  incomplete  sentences  in  this  section.For  each  sentence  there  are  four
choices  marked  A,B,C,and  D.Choose  the  ONE  answer  that  best  completes  the  sentence.Then
blacken the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a pencil.
1.His wife has been _______a lot of pressure on him to change his job.
    A.taking                                                B.exerting
    C.giving                                                D.pushing
2.It is estimated that,currently, about 50,000 species become _____every year.
    A.extinct                                                B.instinct
    C.distinct                                                D.intense
3.John  says  that  his  present  job  does  not  provide  him  with  enough  ______for  his  organizing
ability.
    A.scope                                                  B.space
    C.capacity                                              D.range
4.Many _______will be opened up in the future for those with a university education.
    A.probabilities                                        B.realities
    C.necessities                                          D.opportunities
5.After his uncle died,the young man _____the beautiful estate with which he changed from a poor
man to a wealthy noble.
    A.inhabited                                              B.inherited
    C.inhibited                                                D.inhaled
6.The manager is calling on a______ customer trying to talk him into signing the contract.
    A.prosperous                                          B.preliminary
    C.pessimistic                                          D.prospective
7.In 1991,while t11e economies of industrialized countries met an economic_____,the    economies
of developing countries were growing very fast.
    A.revival                                               B.repression
    C.recession                                              D.recovery
8.The destruction of the twin towers _________shock and anger throughout the world.
    A.summoned                                          B.tempted
    C provoked                                            D.stumbled
9.About 20 of the passengers who were injured in a plane crash are said to be in _____condition.
    A.decisive                                                B.urgent
    C.vital                                                      D.critical
10.The interactions between China and the US will surely have a significant _______onpeace and
stability in the Asia-Pacific region and the world as a whole.
    A.importance                                            B.impression
    C.impact                                                  D.implication
11.The poor countries are extremely _______to international economic fluctuations-
    A.inclined                                                B.vulnerable
    C.attracted                                                D.reduced
12.Applicants should note that all positions are--to Australian citizenship requirements.

    A.subject                                                  B.subjective
    C.objected                                                D.objective
13.We  aim  to  ensure  that  all  candidates  are  treated  fairly  and  that  they  have  equal  ______to  
employment opportunities.
    A.entrance                                                B.entry
    C.access                                                    D.admission
14.Successful learning is not a(n)________activity but consists of four distinct stages in a    specific
order
A.only                                                   B.sole
C.mere                                                      D.single
15.The  opportunity  to  explore  and  play  and  the  encouragement  to  do  so  Can  ________the  
performance of many children.
    A.withhold                                        B.prevent
    C.enhance                                          D.justify
16.All her hard work __________in the end,and she finally passed the exam.
    A.showed off                                    B.paid off
    C.1eft off                                          D.kept off
17.In order to live the kind of life we want and to be the person we want to be,we have to domore
than just ________with events.
    A.put sup                                          B.set up
    C.turn up                                            D.make up
18.The team played hard because the championship of the state was______.
    A.at hand                                          B.at stake
    C.at large                                          D.at best
19.I don't think you'll change his mind;once he's decided on so something he tends to _____it.
    A.stick to                                          B.abide by
    C.comply with                                  D.keep on
20.Tom placed the bank notes,_________the change and receipts,back in the drawer.
    A. more than        B. but for
    C.thanks to          D. along with
Section 1I Cloze (10 points)
    Directions:For each numbered blank in the following passage.there are four choices marked A, B,
C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a pencil.
    Advancing age  means  losing  your  hair,  your waistline and  your  memory,right ? Dana Denis  is
just 40 years old,but    2 1    she's    worried about what she calls' my rolling mental blackouts." "I
try to remember something and I just blank out,"she says
    You may    22    about these lapses,calling them " senior moments "or blaming "early Alzheimer's
(老年痴呆症)."Is it an inescapable fact that the older you get,the    23    you remember? Well, sort
of.But as time goes by, we tend to blame age    24    problems that are not necessarily age-related.
    "When a teenager can't find her keys,she thinks it's because she's distracted or disorganized,"says
Paul Gold."A 70-year-old  blames  her    25    ."In  fact,the 70-year-old  may  have been    26    things  for decades.
    In healthy people,memory doesn't worsen as    27    as many of us think."As we    28,the memory
mechanism isn't    29 ,"says psychologist Fergus Craik."It's just inefficient."

    The  brain's  processing    30    slows  down  over  the  years,though  no  one  knows  exactly    31.
Recent  research  suggests  that  nerve  cells  lose  efficiency  and    32    there's  less  activity  in  the
brain.But,cautions  Barry  Gordon,"It's  not  clear  that  less  activity  is    33  .A  beginning  athlete  is winded(气喘吁吁)more  easily  than  a    34    athlete.In  the  same  way,    35    the  brain  gets  more
skilled at a task,it expends less energy on it."
    There are    36    you can take to compensate for normal slippage in your memory gears,though it
37 effort.Margaret Sewell says:"We're a quick-fix culture, but you have to    38    to keep your brain
39 shape.It's like having a good body.You Can't go to the gym once a year 40 expect to stay in top
form."
    21.A. almost               B. seldom                C. already          D. never
    22.A. joke                  B. laugh                 C. blame           D. criticize
    23.A. much                 B. little                  C. more           D. less
    24.A. since                 B. for                    C. by             D. because
    25.A. memory             B. mind               C. trouble          D. health
    26.A. disorganizing          B. misplacing             C. putting          D. finding
    27.A. swiftly                B. frequently             C. timely           D. quickly
    28.A.mature                B. advance               C. age              D. grow
    29.A. broken                B. poor                 C. perfect           D. working
    30.A. pattern                B. time                 C. space            D. information
    31.A . why                  B. how                 C. what            D. when
    32.A. since                 B. hence                 C. that             D. although
    33.A. irregular              B. better                  C. normal          D. worse
    34.A. famous               B. senior                 C. popular           D. trained
    35.A. as                   B. till                    C. though           D. yet
    36.A. stages                B. steps                 C. advantages         D. purposes
    37.A. makes                B. takes                 C. does              D. spends
    38.A. rest                  B. come                 C. work              D. study
    39.A. to                   B. for                   C. on                 D. in
    40.A. so                   B. or                    C. and                D. if
Section Reading Comprehension      (40 points)
    Directions:  There  are  4  passages  in  this  part,  Each  passage  is  followed  by  some  questions  or
unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should
decide  on  the  best  choice  and  blacken  the  corresponding  letter  on  the  ANSWER  SHEET  with  a
pencil.
Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:
    Prior  to  the  20th    century,  many  languages  with  small  numbers  of  speakers  survived  for
centuries.  The  increasingly  interconnected  modern  world  makes  it  much  more  difficult  for  small
language  communities  to  live  in  relative  isolation,  a  key  factor  in  language  maintenance  and
preservation.
    It remains to be seen whether the world can  maintain  its  linguistic and cultural diversity  in the
centuries ahead. Many powerful forces appear to work against it :population growth, which pushes
migrant  populations  into  the  world's  last  isolated  locations;  mass  tourism;  global
telecommunications  and  mass  media;  and  the  spread of  gigantic  global  corporations.  All  of  these

forces  appear  to  signify  a  future  in  which  the  language  of  advertising,  popular  culture,  and
consumer products become similar. Already English and a few other major tongues have emerged
as  global  languages  of  commerce  and  communication.  For  many  of  the  world's  peoples,  learning
one of these languages is viewed as the key to education, economic opportunity, and a better way of
life.
    Only about 3,000 languages now in use are expected to survive the coming century. Are most of
the rest doomed in the century after that?
    Whether most of these languages survive will probably depend on how strongly cultural groups
wish to keep their  identity alive through a native language. To do so will require an emphasis on
bilingualism(mastery of two languages). Bilingual speakers could use their own language in smaller
spheres---at  home,  among  friends,  in  community  settings---and  a  global  language  at  work,  in
dealings  with  government,  and  in  commercial  spheres.  In  this  way,  many  small  languages  could
sustain  their  cultural  and  linguistic  integrity  alongside  global  languages,  rather  than  yield  to  the
homogenizing(同化的)forces of globalization.
    Ironically,  the  trend  of  technological  innovation  that  has  threatened  minority  languages  could
also help save them. For example, some experts predict that computer software translation tools will
one  day  permit  minority  language  speakers  to  browse  the  Internet  using  their  native  tongues.
Linguists  are  currently  using  computer-aided  learning  tools  to  teach  a  variety  of  threatened
languages.
    For many endangered languages, the line between revival and death is extremely thin. Language
is  remarkably  resilient(有活力的),however.  It  is  not  just  a  tool  for  communicating,  but  also  a
powerful  way  of  separating  different  groups,  or  of  demonstrating  group  identity.  Many
indigenous(原生的,土着的)communities have shown that it is possible to live in the modern world
while reclaiming their unique identities through language.
41.Minority languages can be best preserved in __________.
    A.an increasingly interconnected world
    B.maintaining small numbers of speakers
    C.relatively isolated language communities
    D.following the tradition of the 20th    century
42.According  to  Paragraph  2,  that  the  world  can  maintain  its  linguistic  diversity  in  the  future  is
_______.
    A.uncertain                                              B.unrealistic
    C.foreseeable                                          D.definite
43.According to the author, bilingualism can help_________.
    A.small languages become acceptable in work places
    B.homogenize the world's languages and cultures
    C.global languages reach home and community settings
    D.speakers maintain their linguistic and cultural identity
44.Computer technology is helpful for preserving minority languages in that it_________.
    A.makes learning a global language unnecessary
    B.facilitates the learning and using of those languages
    C.raises public awareness of saving those languages
    D.makes it easier for linguists to study those languages
45.In the author's view, many endangered languages are________.

    A.remarkably well-kept in this modern world
    B.exceptionally powerful tools of communication
    C.quite possible to be revived instead of dying out
    D.a unique way of bringing different groups together
Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage:
    Everyone,it  seems,has  a  health  problem.After  pouring  billions  into  the  National  Health
Service,British  people  moan  about  dirty  hospitals,long  waits  and  wasted  money.  In  Germany  the
new  chancellor,  Angela  Merkel,  is  under  fire  for  suggesting  changing  the  financing  of  its  health
system.  Canada's  new  Conservative  Prime  Minister,  Stephen  Harper,  made  a  big  fuss  during  the
election  about  reducing  the  country's  lengthy  medical  queues.  Across  the  rich  world,  affluence,
ageing and advancing technology are driving up health spending faster than income.
    But  nowhere  has  a  bigger  health  problem  than  America.  Soaring  medical  bills  are  squeezing
wages,  swelling  the  ranks  of  the  uninsured  and  pushing  huge  firms  and  perhaps  even  the
government towards bankruptcy. Ford's announcement this week that it would cut up to 30.000 jobs
by  2012  was  as  much  a  sign  of  it's"legacy  "  health–care  costs  as  of  the  ills  of  the  car  industry.
Pushed  by  polls  that  show  health  care  is  one  of  his  main  domestic  problems  and  by  forecasts
showing  that  the  retiring  baby-boomers  (生育高峰期出生的人)  will  crush  the  government's
finances, George Bush is to unveil a reform ;plan in next week's state-of–the–union address.
    America's health system is unlike any other. The Unite States spends 16% of its GDP on health,
around twice the rich-country average, equivalent to $6,280 for every American each year. Yet it is
the only rich country that does not guarantee universal  health coverage. Thanks to an accident of
history,  most  Americans  receive  health  insurance  through  their  employer,  with  the  government
picking up the bill for the poor and the elderly.
    This  curious  hybrid(混合物)  certainly  has  its  strengths.  Americans  have  more  choice  than
anybody  else,  and  their  health-care  system  is  much  more  innovative.  Europeans'  bills  could  be
much  higher  if  American  medicine  were  not  doing  much  of  their  Research  and
Development(R&D)for  them.  But  there  are  also  huge  weaknesses.  The  one  most  often
cited-especially  by  foreigners-is  the  army  of  uninsured.  Some  46  million  Americans  do  not  have
cover. In many cases that is out of choice and ,if they fall seriously ill, hospitals have to treat them.
But it is still deeply unequal. And there are also shocking inefficiencies: by some measures,30% of
American health spending is wasted.
    Then  there  is  the  question  of  state  support.  Many  Americans  disapprove  of  the  "socialized
medicine"  of  Canada  and  Europe.  In  fact,  even  if  much  of  the  administration  is  done  privately,
around 60% of America's heath-care bill ends up being met by the government. Proportionately, the
American  state  already  spends  as  much  on  health  as  the  OECD(Organization  of  Economic
Cooperation and Development)average, and that share  is set to grow as the baby-boomers run up
their Medicare bills and ever more employers avoid providing health-care coverage. America is , in
effect, heading towards a version of socialized medicine by default.
46.Health problems mentioned in the passage include all the following EXCEPT_________.
    A. poor hospital conditions in U.K.
    B. Angela Merkel under attack
    C. health financing in Germany
    D. long waiting lines in Canada
47.Ford's announcement of cutting up to 30,000 jobs by 2012 indicates that Ford_________.

    A. has the biggest health problem of the car industry
    B. has made profits from its health-care legacy
    C. has accumulated too heavy a health-care burden
    D. owes a great deal of debt to its employees
48.In the author's opinion, America's health system is _________.
    A. inefficient                                                    B. feasible
    C. unpopular                                                    D. successful
49.It is implied in the passage that_________.
    A. America's health system has its strengths and weaknesses
    B. the US government pays medical bills for the poor and the elderly
    C. some 46 million Americans do not have medical insurance
    D. Europeans benefit a lot from America's medical research
50.from the last paragraph we may learn that the "socialized medicine" is____________.
    A. a practice of Canada and Europe
    B. a policy adopted by the US government
    C. intended for the retiring baby-boomers
    D. administered by private enterprises
Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:
    When  Thomas  Keller,  one  of  America's  foremost  chefs,  announced  that  on  Sept.  I  he  would
abolish the practice of tipping at Per Se. his luxury restaurant in New York City, and replace it with
European-style  service  charge,  I  knew  three  groups  would  be  opposed:  customers,  servers  and
restaurant owners. These three groups are all committed to tipping--as they quickly made clear on
Web sites. To oppose tipping , it seems, is to be anticapitalist , and maybe even a little French..
    But  Mr.  Keller  is  right  to  move  away  from  tipping-and  it's  worth  exploring  why  just  about
everyone else in the restaurant world is wrong to stick with the practice.
    Customers  believe  in  tipping  because  they  think  it  makes  economic  sense."Waiters  know  that
they won't get paid if they don't do a good job"is how most advocates of the system would put it. To
be sure, this  is a tempting, apparently rational statement about economic theory, but it appears to
have little applicability to the real world of restaurants.
    Michael Lynn, an associate professor of    consumer behavior and marketing at Cornell's School
of  Hotel  Administration,  has  conducted  dozens  of  students  of  tipping  and  has  concluded  that
consumers assessments of the quality of service correlate weakly to the amount they tip.
    Rather, customers are likely to tip more in response to servers touching them lightly and leaning
forward  next to the table  to  make  conversation  than  to  how often  their  water  glass  is  refilled--in
other words, customers tip more when they like the server, not when the service is good. Mr. Lynn's
studies  also  indicate  that  male  customers  increase  their  tips  for  female  servers  while  female
customers increase their tips for male servers,.
    What's  more,.  consumers  seem  to  forget  that  the  tip  increases  as  the  bill  increases.  Thus,  the
tipping system is an open invitation to what restaurant professionals call "upwelling": every bottle
of  imported  water,  every  espresso  and  every  cocktail  is  extra  money  in  the  server's  pocket.
Aggressive  upwelling  for  tips  is  often  rewarded  while  low-key,  quality  service  often  goes
unrecognized.In addition , the practice of tip pooling , which is the norm in fine-dining restaurants
and  is  becoming  more  in  every  kind  of  restaurant  above the  level  of  a  greasy  spoon  ,  has  ruined
whatever effect voting with  your tip  might have had on an  individual waiter . In an unreasonable

outcome , you are punishing the good waiters in the restaurant by not tipping the bad one . Indeed ,
there appear to be little connection between tipping and good service .
51.It may be inferred that a European-style service______.
    A . is tipping-free                
B .charges little tip
    C .is the author's initiative            D .is offered at Per-se
52.Which of the following is NOT true according to the author .
    A .Tipping is a common practice in the restaurant world.
    B .Waiters don't care about tipping
    C .Customers generally believe in tipping.
    D .Tipping has little connection with the quality of service.
53.According to Michael Lynn's studies, waiters will likely get more tips if they______
    A. have performed good service
    B. frequently refill customers' water glass
    C. win customers' favor
    D. serve customers of the same sex
54.We may infer from the context that "upwelling"(Line 2, Para 6) probably means ________
    A. selling something up
    B. selling something fancy
    C. selling something unnecessary
    D. selling something more expensive
55.This passage is mainly about __________
    A. reasons to abolish the practice of tipping
    B. economic sense of tipping
    C. consumers' attitudes towards tipping
    D. tipping for good service
Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:
    "I promise." " I swear to you it'll never happen again." "I give you my word." "Honestly. Believe
me."  Sure,  I  trust.  Why  not?  I  teach  English  composition  at  a  private  college.  With  a  certain
excitement and intensity. I read my students' essays, hoping to find the person behind the pen. As
each  semester  progresses,  plagiarism(剽窃)appears.  Not  only  is  my  intelligence  insulted  as  one
assumes  I  won't  detect  a  polished  piece  of  prose  from  an  otherwise-average  writer,  but  I  feel  a
sadness  that  a  student  has  resorted  to  buying  a  paper  from  a  peer.  Writers  have  styles  like
fingerprints and after several assignments, I can match a student's work with his or her name even if
it's missing from the upper left-hand corner.
    Why is learning less important than a higher grade-point average(GPA)? When we're threatened
or sick, we  make conditional promises. "If  you  let me pass  math I will…." "Lord, if  you get me
over  this  before  the  big  homecoming  game  I'll…."  Once  the  situation  is  behind  us,  so  are  the
promises.  Human  nature?  Perhaps,  but  we  do  use  that  cliché(陈 词 滥 调)to  get  us  out  of
uncomfortable bargains. Divine interference during distress is asked; gratitude is unpaid. After all,
few fulfill the contract, so why should anyone be the exception. Why not ?
    Six  years ago, I took a student before the dean. He had turned in an essay with the vocabulary
and  sentence  structure  of  PhD  thesis.  Up  until  that  time,  both  his  out-of-class  and  in-class  work
were borderline passing.

    I questioned the person regarding  his essay and he swore it I'd understand this copy would  not
have the time and attention an out-of-class paper is given, but    he had already a finished piece so
he understood what was asked. He sat one hour, then turned in part of a page of unskilled writing
and faulty logic. I confronted him with both essays. "I promise…., I'm not lying. I swear to you that
I wrote the essay. I'm just nervous today."
    The head of the English department agreed with my finding, and the meeting with the dean had
the boy's parents present. After an hour of discussion, touching on eight of the boy's previous essays
and his grade-point average, which indicated he was already on academic probation(留校察看), the
dean  agreed  that  the  student  had  plagiarized.  His  parents  protested,  "He's  only  a  child"  and  we
instructors are wiser and should be compassionate. College people are not really children and most
times would resent being labeled as such…. Except in this uncomfortable circumstance.
56.According to the author, students commit plagiarism mainly for_____.
    A.money                  B.degree                  C.higher GPA                  D.reputation
57.the sentence " Once the situation is behind us , so are the promises' implies that_________.
    A.students usually keep their promises
    B.some students tend to break their promises
    C.the promises are always behind the situation
    D.we cannot judge the situation in advance, as we do to the promises
58.The "borderline passing"(Line 3,Para.3)probably means____________.
    A.fairly good                                            B.extremely poor
    C.above average                                    D.below average
59.The boy's parents thought their son should be excused mainly because_______________.
    A.teachers should be compassionate
    B.he was only a child
    C.instructors were wiser
    D.he was threatened
60.Which of the following might serve as the title of this passage?
    A.Human Nature                                  B.Conditional Promises
    C.How to Detect Cheating                    D.The Sadness of Plagiarism
Section IV Translation    (20 points)
    Directions: In this section there  is a passage  in English Translate the passage  into Chinese and
write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.
    Powering the great ongoing changes of our time  is the rise of  human creativity as the defining
feature  of  economic  life.  Creativity  has  come  to  be  valued,  because  new  technologies,  new
industries and new wealth flow from it. And as a result, our lives and society have begun to echo
with  creative  ideas.  It  is  our  commitment  to  creativity  in  its  varied  dimensions  that  forms  the
underlying spirit of our age.
Creativity is essential to the way we live and work today, and in many senses always has been.
The  big  advances  in  standard  of  living–-not  to  mention  the  big  competitive  advantages  in  the
marketplace--always  have  come  from"  better  recipes,  not  just  more  cooking."  One  might  argue
that's not strictly true. One might point out, for instance, that during the long period from the early
days on the Industrial Revolution to modern times, much of the growth in productivity and material
wealth  in  the  industrial  nations  came  not  just  from  creative  inventions  like  the  steam  engine,  but
from the widespread application of "cooking in quantity" business methods like massive division of

labor  ,concentration  of  assets,  vertical  integration  and  economies  of  scale.  But  those  methods
themselves were creative developments.
Section V    Writing    (20 points)
    In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following table. Describe the table
and state your opinion. You should write at least 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET

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