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全国MBA/MPA/MPAcc联考08年1月英语真题

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Section I Vocabulary www.mbaschool.com.cn Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and mark your answers on

Section I    Vocabulary
 
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Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C
and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.
(10 points)
1. Oil is an important ______material which can be processed into many different products,
including plastics.
A  raw         B bleak           C flexible           D fertile
2. The high living standards of the US cause its present population to ____ 25 percent of the
world’s oil.
A  assume     B consume         C resume           D presume
3.  You shouldn’t be so ___ ---I didn’t mean anything bad in what I said.
 A sentimental     B sensible         C sensitive           D sophisticated
4.  Picasso was an artist who fundamentally changed the ___ of art for later generations.
   A. philosophy     B concept         C viewpoint          D theme
5.  Member states had the option to ____ from this agreement with one year’s notice.
   A deny           B object          C suspect            D withdraw
6.  The two countries achieved some progress in the sphere of trade relations, traditionally
a source of ____ irritation.
   A mutual         B optional         C neutral            D parallel
7.  Williams had not been there during the ___ moments when the kidnapping had taken place.
   A superior        B rigorous         C vital              D unique
8.  Travel around Japan today, and one sees foreign residents a wide ____ of jobs.
   A  range         B field            C scale             D area
9.  Modern manufacturing has ___ a global river of materials into a stunning array of new
products.
   A translated       B transformed      C transferred         D transported
10. Lightning has been the second largest storm killer in the US over the past 40 years and is
____ only by flood.
   A exceeded        B excelled        C excluded           D extended 
11. Voices were ____as the argument between the two motorists became more bad-tempered.
3. swollen       B. increased       C. developed         D. raised
12. Some sufferers will quickly be restored to prefect health, ___others will take a longer time.
A. which          B. where          C. when            D. whereas
13. My brother likes eating very much but he isn’t very ___about the food he eats.
A. special         B. peculiar          C. particular        D. unusual
14. Britain might still be part of France if it weren’t ____a disastrous flood 200.000 years ago,
according to scientists from Imperial College in London.
A. upon           B. with             C. in              D. for
15. The water prize is an international award that __outstanding contributions towards solving
global water problems.
A. recognizes       B. requires          C. releases         D. relays
16. In its 14 years of _____, the European Union has earned the scorn of its citizens and skepticism
from the United States.
A. endurance       B. emergence         C. existence       D. eminence
17. His excuse for being late this morning was his car had __ in the snow.
A. started up        B. got stuck          C. set back        D. stood by
18.____widespread belief cockroaches (螳螂) would not take over the world if there were no around to step
on them.
A. In view of       B. Thanks to         C. In case of        D. Contrary to 
19. Consciously or not, ordinary citizens and government bureaucrats still _____the notion that Japanese society
is a unique culture.
 
A. fit in with
 
B. look down on
 
C. cling to
 
  D. hold back  
 
20. As you can see by yourself, things ____to be exactly as the professor had foreseen.
 
A . turned in
 
B. turned out
 
C. turned up
 
D. turned down
 
Section II    Cloze (10 points)
Directions: Read the following passage. For each numbered blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose
the best one and mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

Olympic  Games  are  held every  four  years  at  a  different  site, in  which  athletes  _21__different  nations
compete against each other in a __22_ of sports. There are two types of Olympics, the Summer Olympics and
the winter Olympics.
In order to __23__the Olympics, a city must submit a proposal to the international Olympic committee (IOC).
After all proposals have been _24___, the IOC votes. If one city is successful in gaining a majority in the first
vote, the  city  with  the  fewest  votes  is  eliminated,  and  voting  continues  with __25__rounds,  until  a  majority
winner is determined. Typically the Games are awarded several years in advance, __26__the winning city time
to prepare for the Games. In selecting the _27__of the Olympic Games, the IOC considers a number of factors,
chief  among  them  which  city  has, or  promises  to  build,  the  best  facilities, and  which  organizing  committee
seems most likely to _28__the Games effectively.
The IOC also _29__which parts of the world have not yet hosted the Games. _30__,Tolkyo, Japan, the host
of  the  1964  Summer  Games,  and  Mexico  city, Mexico, the  host  of  the  1968  summer  Games , were  chosen
 
_31__to popularize the Olympic  movement In Asia and  in Latin America.
 
_32__the growing importance of
 
television  worldwide, the  IOC in  recent  years  has  also  taken into _33__the  host  city’s  time  zone. _34__the
Games take place in the United States or Canada, for example, American television networks are willing to
pay _35___ higher amounts for television rights because they can broadcast popular events __36____,
in prime viewing hours.
___37__the Games have been awarded. It is the responsibility of the local organizing committee
to finance them. This is often done with a portion of the Olympic television ___38_ and with
corporate sponsorships, ticket sales, and other smaller revenue sources. In many __39___ there
is also direct government support.
Although many cities have achieved a financial profit by hosting the Games, the Olympics
can be financially __40___. When the revenues from the Games were less than expected, the city
was left with large debts.
21. A. in                B. for                 C. of                 D. from
22. A. lot               B. number              C. variety             D. series
23. A. host              B. take                C. run                D. organize
24. A. supported          B. submitted           C. substituted          D. subordinated
25. A. suggestive         B. successful           C. successive          D. succeeding
26. A. letting            B. setting              C. permitting           D. allowing 
27. A. site               B. spot                C. location            D. place
28. A. state              B. stage               C. start               D. sponsor
29. A. thinks             B. reckons             C. considers           D. calculates 
 
30. A. For instance        B. As a result
 
C. In brief            D. On the whole 
 
31. A. in time            B. in part               C. in case            D. in common 
32. A. Since             B. Because              C. As for            D. Because of 
33. A. amount            B. account              C. accord            D. acclaim
34. A. However          B. Whatever             C. Whenever         D. Wherever
35. A. greatly            B. handsomely           C. meaningfully       D. significantly
36. A. live              B. living                 C. alive             D. lively
37. A. Until             B. Unless                C. Whether          D. Once 
38. A. incomes           B. interests              C. revenues          D. returns 
39. A. cases             B. conditions             C. chances           D. circumstances 
40. A. safe               B. risky                C. tempting          D. feasible

SectionⅢ  Reading Comprehension

Directions  There are four passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished
statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B,C, and D. You should decide on
the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET 1 . (40 points)
Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:
Last weekend Kyle MacDonald in Montreal threw a party to celebrate the fact that he got his
new home in exchange for a red paper clip. Starting a year ago, MacDonald bartered the clip for
increasingly valuable stuff, including a camp stove and free rent in a Phoenix flat. Having
announced his aim (the house) in advance, MacDonald likely got a boost from techies eager to
see the Internet pass this daring test of its networking power. “My whole motto (座右铭) was ‘Start
small, think big, and have fun’, ” says MacDonald, 26, “I really kept my effort on the creative
side rather than the business side. ”
Yet as odd as the MacDonald exchange was, barter is now big business on the Net. This year
more than 400,000 companies worldwide will exchange some $10 billion worth of goods and services
on a growing number of barter sites. These Web sites allow companies to trade products for a virtual
currency, which they can use to buy goods from other members. In Iceland, garment-maker Kapusalan
sells a third of its output on the booming Vidskiptanetid exchange, earning virtual money that
it uses to buy machinery and pay part of employee salaries. The Troc-services exchange in France
offers more than 4,600 services, from math lessons to ironing. 
This is not a primitive barter system. By creating currencies, the Internet removes a major
barrier—what Bob Meyer, publisher of BarterNews, calls “the double coincidence of wants.” That
is, two parties once not only had to find each other, but also an exchange of goods that both
desired. Now, they can price the deal in virtual currency. 
Barter also helps firms make use of idle capacity. For example, advertising is “hugely
bartered” because many media, particularly on the Web can supply new ad space at little cost.
Moreover, Internet ads don’t register in industry-growth statistics, because many exchanges are
arranged outside the formal exchanges. 
Like eBay, most barter sites allow members to “grade” trading partners for honesty quality
and so on.. Barter exchanges can allow firms in countries with hyperinflation or nontradable
currencies to enter global trades. Next year, a nonprofit exchange called Quick Lift Two (QL2)
plans to open in Nairobi, offering barter deals to 38,000 Kenyan farmers in remote areas. Two
small planes will deliver the goods. QL2 director Gacii Waciuma says the farmers are excited
to  be “liberated  from  corrupt  middlemen.”  For  them,  barter  evokes  a  bright future,  not  a
precapitalist past.
41. The word “techies” (Line 4, Para 1) probably refers to those who are ___.
A. afraid of technology                 B. skilled in technology
C. ignorant of technology               D. incompetent in technology
42. Many people may have deliberately helped Kyle because they ___.
A. were impressed by his creativity       B. were eager to identify with his motto
C. liked his goal announced in advance    D. hoped to prove the power of the Internet
43. The Internet barter system relies heavily on ___.
A. the size of barter sties                B. the use of virtual currency
C. the quality of goods or services        D. the location of trading companies]
44. It is implies that Internet advertisements can help ___.
A. companies make more profit           B. companies do formal exchanges
C. media register in statistics             D. media grade barter sites
45. Which of the follow is true of QL2 according to the author?
A. It is criticized for doing business in a primitive way. 
B. It aims to deal with hyperinflation in some countries. 
C. It helps get rid of middlemen in trade and exchange. 
D. It is intended to evaluate the performance of trading partners.
Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage:
The lives of very few Newark residents are untouched by violence: New Jersey’s biggest city
has seen it all. Yet the murder of three young people, who were forced to kneel before being
shot in the back of the head in a school playground on August 4th, has shaken the city. A fourth,
who survived, was stabbed and shot in the face. The four victims were by all accounts good kids,
all enrolled in college, all with a future. But the cruel murder, it seems, has at last forced
Newarkers to say they have had enough. 
Grassroots organizations, like Stop Shooting, have been flooded with offers of help and
support  since  the  killings.  Yusef  Ismail,  its  co-founder,  says  the  group  has  been  going
door-to-door asking people to sign a pledge of non-violence. They hope to get 50,000 to promise
to “stop shooting, start thinking, and keep living.” The Newark Community Foundation, which was
launched  last  month,  announced  on  August  14ththat  it  will  help  pay  for  Community  Eye,  a
surveillance(监视) system tailored towards gun crime.
Cory Booker who became mayor 13 months ago with a mission to revitalize the city , believes
the surveillance program will be the largest camera and audio network in any American city. More
than 30 cameras were installed earlier this summer and a further 50 will be installed soon in
a seven-square mile area where 80% of the city’s recent shootings have occurred. And more cameras
are planned.
When a gunshot is detected, the surveillance camera zooms in on that spot. Similar technology in
Chicago  has  increased  arrests  and  decreased  shootings.  Mr.  Booker  plans  to  announce  a
comprehensive gun strategy later this week.
Mr. Booker, as well as church leaders and others, believes(or hopes)that after the murder the
city will no longer stand by in coldness.  For generations,  Newark has been paralyzed by poverty
----almost one in three people lives below the poverty line----and growing indifference to crime.
    Some are skeptical .Steve Malanga of the conservative Manhattan Institute notes that Newark
has deep social problems: over 60% of children are in homes without fathers. The school system, taken
over by the state in 1995, is a mess. But there is also some cause for hope. Since Mr. Booker was
elected, there has been a rise in investment and re-zoning for development. Only around 7% of nearby
Newark airport workers used to come from Newark; now, a year, the figure is 30%.Mr Booker has launched
a New York-style war on crime. So far this year, crime has fallen 11% and shootings are down 30
%( through the murder rate looks likely to match last year’s high).
46. What happened in Newark, New Jersey on August 4th?
A. The Newark residents witnessed a murder.
B. Four young people were killed in a school playground.
C. The new mayor of Newark took office.
D. Four college students fell victim to violence.
47. Judging from the context, the “Community Eye”(Line5,Para 2)is_____
   A. a watching system for gun crime              B. a neighborhood protection organization
C. an unprofitable community business           D. a grassroots organization
48.We learn from the passage that Newark has all the following problems EXCEPT_____
  A. violence                                   B. flood
C. poverty                                    D. indifference
49. Mayor Booker’s effort against crime seem to be ______
A. idealistic                                   B. impractical
C. effective                                   D. fruitless
50. The best title for the passage may be _____
A. Stop Shooting, Start Thinking, and Keep Living     
 B. Efforts to Fight against Gun Crimes
C. A Mission to Revitalize the City                 
D. Violent Murders in Newark
Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:
According to a recent survey on money and relationships, 36 percent of people are keeping
a bank account from their partner. While this financial unfaithfulness may appear as distrust
in a relationship , in truth it may just be a form of financial protection.
  With almost half of all marriages ending in divorce, men and women are realizing they need
to be financially savvy, regardless of whether they are in a relationship.
  The financial hardship on individuals after a divorce can be extremely difficult, even more
so when children are involved. The lack of permanency in relationships, jobs and family life may be
the cause of a growing trend to keep a secret bank account hidden from a partner; in other words,
an ”escape fund”.
  Margaret’s story is far from unique. She is a representative of a growing number of women in
long-term relationships who are becoming protective of their own earnings.

 Every month on pay day, she banks hundreds of dollars into a savings account she keeps from
her husband. She has been doing this throughout their six-year marriage and has built a nest egg
worth an incredible $100,000 on top of her pension.
  Margaret says if her husband found out about her secret savings he’d hurt and would interpret
this as a sign she wasn’t sure of the marriage.” He’d think it was my escape fun so that financially
I could afford to get out of the relationship if it went wrong. I know you should approach marriage
as being forever and I hope ours is, but you can never be sure.”
Like many of her fellow secret savers, Margaret was stung in a former relationship and has since
been very guarded about her own money.
Coming clean to your partner about being a secret saver may not be all that bad. Take Colleen
for example, who had been saving secretly for a few years before she confessed to her partner. ”I
decided to open a savings account and start building a nest egg of my own. I wanted to prove to
myself that I could put money in the bank and leave it there for a rainy day.”
“When John found out about my secret savings, he was a little suspicious of my motives. I reassured
him that this was certainly not an escape fund that I feel very secure in out relationship. I have
to admit that it does feel good to have my own money on reserve if ever there are rainy days
in the future. It’s sensible to build and protect your personal financial security.”
51. The trend to keep a secret bank account is growing because______
A. escape fund helps one through rainy days       B. days are getting harder and harder
C. women are money sensitive                  D. financial conflicts often occur
52. The word “savvy”(Line2,Para 2)probably means_______
A. suspicious                                 B. secure
C. shrewd                                    D. simple
53. Which inference can we make about Margaret?
A. She is a unique woman.                      B. She was once divorced.
C. She is going to retire.                        D. She has many children.
54. The author mentions Colleen’s example to show_____
A. any couple can avoid marriage conflicts
B. privacy within marriage should be respected
C. everyone can save a fortune with a happy marriage
D. financial disclosure is not necessarily bad
55. Which of the following best summary this passage?
A. Secret Savers                              B. Love Is What It’s Worth
C. Banking Honesty                           D. Once Bitten, Twice Shy
Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:
“The word ‘protection’ is no longer taboo (禁忌语)”. This short sentence, uttered by French
President Nicolas Sarkozy last month, may have launched a new era in economic history. Why? For
decades, Western leaders have believed that lowering trade barriers and tariffs was a natural good.
Doing so, they reasoned, would lead to greater economic efficiency and productivity, which in
turn would improve human welfare. Championing free trade thus became a moral, not just an economic,
cause. 
These leaders, of course, weren’t acting out of unselfishness. They knew their economies
were the most competitive, so they’d profit most from liberalization. And developing countries
feared that their economies would be swamped by superior Western productivity. Today, however,
the tables have turned---though few acknowledge it. The West continues to preach free trade,
but practices it less and less. Asian, meanwhile, continues to plead for special protection but
practices more and more free trade.
That’s why Sarkozy’s words were so important: he finally injected some honesty into the trade
debates. The truth is that large parts of the West are losing faith in tree trade, though few
leaders admit it. Some economists are more honest. Paul Krugman is one of the few willing to
acknowledge that protectionist arguments are returning. In the short run, there will be winners
and losers under free trade. This, of course, is what capitalism is all about. But more and more
of these losers will be in the West, Economists in the developed world used to love quoting Jonoph
Schumpeter, who said that ‘creative destruction” was an essential part of capitalist growth. But they
always assumed that destruction would happen over there. When Western workers began losing jobs,
suddenly their leaders began to lose faith in their principles, Things have yet to reverse completely.
But there’s clearly a negative trend in a Western theory and practice.
A little hypocrisy (虚伪)  is  not  in  itself  a  serious  problem.  The  real  problem is that Western
governments continue to insist that they retain control of the key global economic and financial
institutions while drifting away from global liberalization. Lock at what’s happening at the IMF
(International Monetary Fund) The Europeans have demanded that they keep the post of managing
director. But all too often, Western officials put their own interests above everyone else’s when
they dominate these global institutions.
The time has therefore come for the Asians-who are clearly the new winners in today’s global
economy-to provide more intellectual leadership in supporting free trade: Sadly, they have yet
to do so. Unless Asians speak out, however, there’s a real danger that Adam Smith’s principles,
which have brought so much good to the world, could gradually die. And that would leave all of
us, worse off, in one way or another. 
56. It can be inferred that “protection” (Line 1, Para.1) means________
   A. improving economic efficiency.             B. ending the free-trade practice
   C. lowering moral standard                    D. raising trade tariffs
57. The Western leaders preach free trade because________
   A. it is beneficial to their economies
   B. it is supported by developing countries
   C. it makes them keep faith in their principles
   D. it is advocated by Joseph Schumpeter and Adam Smith
58. By “the tables have turned” (Line 3-4,Para.2) the author implies that________
   A. the Western leaders have turned self-centered
   B. the Asian leaders have become advocates of free trade
   C. the developed economies have turned less competitive
   D. the developing economies have become more independent
59. The Western economies used to like the idea of “creative destruction” because it________
   A. set a long-term rather than short-turn goal
   B. was an essential part of capitalist development
   C. contained a positive rather than negative mentality
   D. was meant to be the destruction of developing economies
60. The author uses “IMF” was an example to illustrate the point that_______
   A. European leaders are reluctant to admit they are hypocritical
   B. there is an inconsistency between Western theory and practice
 
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   C. global institutions are not being led by true globalization advocates
   D. European countries’ interests are being ignored by economic leaders
Section IV  Translation
Directions: In this section there is a paragraph in English .Translate it into Chinese and write
your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2 . (20 points)
The term ”business model” first came into widespread use with the invention of personal
computer and the spreadsheet(空白表格程序).Before  the  spreadsheet,  business  planning  usually  meant
producing  a  single  forecast.  At  best,  you  did  a  little  sensitivity  analysis  around  the  projection.  The  spreadsheet
ushered  in a  much  more analytic approach to  planning because every  major line item could be  pulled apart, its
components  and  subcomponents  analyzed  and  tested.  You  could  ask  what-  if  questions  about  the  critical
assumptions on which. your business depended-for example, what if customers are more price-sensitive than we
thought?-and with a few keystrokes, you could see how any change would play out on every aspect of the whole.
In other words, you could model the behavior of a business. Before the computer changed the nature of business
planning, most successful business models were created more by accident than by elaborate design.
By enabling companies to tie their marketplace insights much more tightly to  the resulting
economics, spread sheet made it possible to model business before they were launched.
Section V  Writing

Directions: In this  part,  you are asked to  write a composition according to the information below. You should
write more than 150 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2 . (20 points)


以往许多人报考成人高校,是为了圆文凭梦。如今,手持本科、硕士文凭,回头重新考大学的大有人
在。据报道,今年报名全国成人高考的上海考生中,有 390 名本科毕业生,15 名硕士生。
写一篇约 150 字左右的作文进行评论和表达自己的意见。
答案
1-5   ABCBD  6-10 ACABA   11-15 DDCDA   16-20 CBDCB
21-25 DCABC  26-30 DABCA  31-35 BDBCD   36-40 ADCAB
41-45 BDBAC  46-50 DABCA 51-55 ACBDA   56-60 DABDB

 

 

 

 

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