您的位置:首页 > 资料 > 历年真题 > 全国MBA/MPA/MPAcc联考09年1月英语真题

文章内容

全国MBA/MPA/MPAcc联考09年1月英语真题

时间:2013-05-15 09:43 来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
Part I Vocabulary and Structure (10%) Direction: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corres

Part I Vocabulary and Structure (10%)
 
Direction: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked
A, B, C, and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding
letter on the Answer Sheet with a pencil.
1. The poor lady was too              and distressed to talk about the tragedy.
A. engaged            B. exhausted            C. ignorant          D. energetic
2. At fist              , the famous painting doesn’t impress the audience at all.
    A. glance                B. gaze                    C. stare                D. view
3. Delegates agree to the plan in                , but there were some details they didn’t approve.
    A. discipline            B. theory                C. principle          D. nature
4. I took the medicine 10minutes ago, but the bitterness is still                  in my mouth.
  A. scattering            B. felling                C. maintaining      D. lingering
5. Since the                    of human history, human beings have been asking questions like “What is the essence of life.”
    A. dusk                    B. dust                    C. twinkle              D. Dawn
6. The eldest son                            all the family members to discuss how to celebrate the 50th wedding
    anniversary of their parents.
    A. clustered            B. resembled            C. assembled          D. rendered
7. I must leave now,                        ,if you want that book I’LL bring it you tomorrow .
    A. Accidentally      B. Incidentally          C. Occasionally      D. Subsequently
8. My mother is a light sleeper,                        to any sound even as low as the humming of mosquito.
    A. alert                    B. acute                    C. keen                    D. immune
9. The newly built factory is in urgent need of a number of skilled and                            workers.
    A. consistent          B. conscious              C. confidential        D. conscientious
10. As an outstanding scholar, he has become                          to the research team.
    A. senior                B. junior                    C. indispensible        D. independent
11. Sixteen days after the earthquake, 40people,                in their village, were rescued.
      A. trapped            B. confined                C. enclosed              D. captured
12. Working far away from home, Jerry had to              from downtown to his office everyday.
A. wander          B. commute                C. ramble                  D. motion
13. The finance minister has not been so              since he raised taxes to an unbearable level.
        A. famous          B. favorable                C. popular                D. preferable
14. It is unimaginable for someone in such a high              in the govemment to behave so badly in public.
      A. situation          B. position                  C. profession            D. appointment
15. Information given to employees must be                , clear and in easy-to-follow language.
      A.convenient    B.continuous            C.constant            D.concise
 
www.mbaschool.com.cn
 
16. John was very upset because he was                by the police with breaking the law.
      A. sentenced        B. arrested                  C. accused                D. charged
17. David likes country life and has decided                farming.
    A. go in for            B. go back on            C. go along with        D. go through with
18. Jennifer has never really            her son’s death. It’s very hard to accept the face that she’ll never have a child.
A. come to terms with    B. come up against    C. come out with    D. come down to
19. A national debate is now            about whether we should replace golden weeks with paid Vacations.
A. in the way              B. by the way            C. under way            D. out of the way
20. When a psychologist does a general experiment about the  human  mind,  he selects  people                and asks
them questions.
A. at ease                    B. at random              C. in essence            D. in sum

Part II Cloze (10%)

Direction: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B
C, and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter
on the Answer Sheet with a pencil.

In1999,  the  price  of  oil  hovered  around  $16  a  barrel.  By  2008,  it  had      21 the  $100  a  barrel  mark.  The
reasons for the surge 22        from the dramatic growth of the economies of china and India to widespread      23   
in  oil-producing  regions,  including  Iraq  and  Nigeria’s    delta  region.  Triple-digit  oil  prices  have      24     the  
economic    and  political  map  of  the  world,      25    some  old  notions  of  power.  Oil-rich  nations  are  enjoying
historic gains and opportunities,      26      major importers—including china  
and    India, home to a third of the world’s population--    27    rising economic and social costs.
          Managing this new order is fast becoming a central      28     of global politics. Countries that need oil are
clawing  at  each  other  to  29  scarce  supplies,  and  are  willing  to  deal  with  any    government,    30   how  
unpleasant, to do it .
          In  many  poor  nations  with  oil  ,  the  profits  are  being  ,lost  to  corruption,  31    these  countries  of  their  best
hope for development. And oil is fueling enormous investment funds run by foreign governments,    32    some in
the west see as a new threat.
          Countries like Russia, Venezuela and Iran are well supplied with rising oil    33, a change reflected in newly
aggressive  foreign  policies.  But  some  unexpected  countries  are  reaping  benefits,    34  costs,  from  higher  prices.
Consider  Germany.    35   it  imports  virtually  all  its  oil,  it  has  prospered  from  extensive  trade  with  a  booming
Russia and the Middle East. German exports to Russia 36 128 percent from 2001 to 2006.
In the United States, as already high gas prices rose    37    higher in the spring of 2008,the issue cropped up
in  the  presidential  campaign,  with  Senators  McCain  and  Obama    38    for  a  federal  gas  tax  holiday  during  the
peak summer driving months. And driving habits began to    39 , as sales of small cars jumped and mass transport
systems 40 the country reported a sharp increase in riders.
21. A. come                    B. gone                    C. crossed                  D. arrived
22. A. covered                B. discovered          C. arranged                D. ranged
23. A. intensity              B. infinity                C. insecurity                D. instability
24. A. drawn                  B. redrawn              C. retained                    D. reviewed
25. A. fighting              B. struggling              C. challenging            D. threatening
26. A. and                    B. while                      C. thus                        D. though
27. A. confine              B. conflict                  C. conform                  D. confront
28. A. problem              B. question                C. matter                    D. event
29. A. look for              B. lock up                    C. send out                D. keep off
30. A. no matter            B. what if                    C. only if                  D. in spite of
31. A. abolishing          B. depriving                  C. destroying          D. eliminating
32. A. what                  B. that                            C. which                  D. whom
33. A. interests          B. taxes                        C. incomes              D. revenues
34. A. as many as          B. as good as                C. as far as              D. as well as
35. A. Although            B. Because                    C. Since                  D. As  
36. A. advanced          B. grew                          C. reduces                D. multiplied
37. A. even                  B. still                          C. rather                    D. fairly
38. A. asking              B. requesting                  C. calling                  D. demanding
39.A. change              B. turn                            C. shift                      D. transform
40. A. for                    B. from                            C. across                  D. over

Part III Reading Comprehension (40%)
Direction:  There  are  4  passages  in  this  part.  Each  passage  is  followed  by  some  questions  or  unfinished
statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best
choice. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a pencil.

PASSAGE1
Henric  Ibsen  ,author  of  the  play“A  Doll’s  House”,  in  which  a  pretty,  helpless  housewife  abandons  Her
husband and children to seek a more serious life, would surely have approved.. From January Ist ,2008, all public
companies in Norway are obliged to ensure that at least 40% of their board directors are women. Most firms have
obeyed the law, which was passed in 2003.But about 75 out of the 480 or so companies it affects are still too male
for  the  government’s  liking.  They  will  shortly  receive  a  letter  informing  them  that  they  have  until  the  end  of
February to act , or face the legal consequences---which could include being dissolved.
      Before the law was proposed, about 7% of board members in Norway were female , according to the Centre
for Corporate Diversity .The number has since jumped to 36%. That is far higher than the average of 9% for big
companies across Europe or America’s 15% for the Fortune 500.Norway’s stock exchange and its main business
lobby oppose the law, as do many businessmen.” I am against quotas for women or men as a matter of principle,”
says  Sverre  Munck  ,  head  of  international  operations  at  a  media  firm. “Board  members  of  public  companies
should  be  chosen  solely  on  the  basis  of  merit  and  experience,”be  says.  Several  firms  have  even  given  up  their
public status in order to escape the new law.
Companies have had to recruit about 1,000 women in four years. Many complain that it has been Difficult to
find  experienced  candidates.  Because  of  this,  some  of  the  best  women  have  collected  as  many  as  25-35
directorships  each,  and  are  known  in  Norwegian  business  circles  as  the “golden  skirts”.  One  reason  for  the
scarcity is that there are fairly few women in management in Norwegian companies---they occupy around 15% of
senior  positions.  It  has  been  particularly  hard  for  firms  in  the  oil,  technology  and  financial  industries  to  find
women with a enough experience.
Some people worry that their relative lack of experience may keep women quiet on boards, and that In turn
could mean that boards might become less able to hold managers to account. Recent history in Norway, however,
suggests  that  the  right  women  can  make  strong  directors. “Women  feel  more  compelled  than  men  to  do  their
homework,” says Ms  Reksten Skaugen , who  was voted Norway’s chairman of the  year for 2007, “and  we  can
afford to ask the hard questions, because women are not always expected to know the answers.”
41. The author mentions Ibsen’s play in the first paragraph in order to                      .
      A. depict women’s dilemma at work  
      B. explain the newly passed law  
      C. support Norwegian government  
      D. introduce the topic under discussion
42. A public company that fails to obey the new law could be forced to                      .
A. pay a heavy fine  
B. close down its business
C. change to a private business
D. sign a document promising to act  
43. To which of the following is Sverre Munck most likely to agree?
      A. A set ratio of women in a board is unreasonable.
      B. A reasonable quota for women at work needs to be set.
      C. A common principle should be followed by all companies.
      D. An inexperienced businessman is not subject to the new law.
44.The author attributes the phenomenon of “golden skirts” to                        .
      A. the small number of qualified females in management
B. the over-recruitment of female managers in public companies  
C. the advantage women enjoy when competing for senior positions
D. the discrimination toward women in Norwegian business circles
45. The main idea of the passage might be                  .
      A. female power and liberation in Norway
      B. the significance of Henric Ibsen’s play
      C. women’s status in Norwegian firms
      D. the constitution of board members in Norway

PASSAGE2
 
While there’s never a good age to  get cancer,  people  in  their 20s and 30s can  feel  particularly isolated. The
average age of a cancer patient at diagnosis is 67. Children with cancer often are treated at pediatric (小儿科的)
cancer centers, but young adults have a tough time finding peers, often sitting side-by-side during treatments with
people who could be their grandparents.
      In  her  new book  Crazy Sexy  Cancer Tips,  writer Kris Carr looks at cancer from  the  perspective  of a young
adult who confronts death just as she’s discovering life. Ms. Carr was 31 when she was diagnosed with a rare from
of cancer that had generated tumors on her liver and lungs.
      Ms.  Carr  reacted  with  the  normal  feelings  of  shock  and  sadness.  She  called  her  parents  and  stocked  up  on
organic  food,  determined  to  become  a “full-time  healing  addict.”  Then  she  picked  up  the  phone  and  called
everyone  in  her  address  book,  asking  if  they  knew  other  young  women  with  cancer.  The  result  was  her  own
personal “cancer posse”: a rock concert tour manager, a model, a fashion magazine editor, a cartoonist and a MTV
celebrity,  to  name  a  few.  This  club  of    “cancer  babes”  offered  support,  advice  and  fashion  tips,  among  other
things.
      Ms. Carr put her cancer experience in a recent Learning Channel documentary, and she has written a practical
guide about  how she coped. Cancer isn’t  funny, but Ms. Carr often is. She swears, she  makes  up  names for the
people who treat her ( Dr. Fabulous and Dr. Guru ), and she even makes second sound fun (“cancer road trips,”
she calls them).
      She leaves the  medical advice  to  doctors, instead  offering insightful and  practical tips that reflect  the  world
view of a young adult. “I refused to let cancer ruin my party,” she writes. “ There ‘re just too many cool things to
do and plan and live for.”
      Ms.  Carr  still  has  cancer,  but  it  has  stopped  progressing.  Her  cancer  tips  include  using  time-saving  mass
e-mails to keep friends informed, sewing or buying fashionable hospital gowns so you’re not stuck with regulation
blue  or gray and  playing Gloria Gaynor’s “I Will Survive” so loud  you  neighbors call the police. Ms. Carr also
advises an eyebrow wax and a new outfit before you tell the important people in your illness. “ people you tell are
going  to  cautious  and  not  so  cautiously  try  to  see  the  cancer,  so  dazzle  them  instead  with  your  miracle,”  she
writes.
      While her advice may sound superficial, it gets to the heart of what every cancer patient wants: the chance to
live life just as she always did, and maybe better.
46. Which of the following groups is more vulnerable to cancer?
A. Children.
B. People in their 20s and 30s.
C. Young adults.
D. Elderly people.
47. All of the following statements are true EXCEPT _______.
A. Kris Carr is a female writer
B. Kris Carr is more than 31-year-old.
C. Kris Carr works in a cancer center.
D. Kris Carr is very optimistic.
48. The phrase “cancer posse” (Line 4, para.3 ) probably refers to ________
A. a cancer research organization
B. a group of people who suffer from cancer
C. people who have recovered from cancer
D. people who cope with cancer
49. Kris Carr make up names for the people who treat her because ________
A. she is depressed and likes swearing
B. she is funny and likes playing jokes on doctor
C. she wants to leave the medical advice to doctor
D. she tries to leave a good impression on doctor
50. From Kris Carr’s cancer tips we may infer that ________
A. she learned to use e-mails after she got cancer
B. she wears fashionable dress even after suffering from cancer
C. hospital gowns for cancer patients are usually not in bright colors
D. the neighbors are very friendly with cancer patients

PASSAGE3
Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:
Should a leader strive to be loved or feared?This question,famously posed by Machiavelli,lies at the heart of
Joseph  Nye’s  new  book.Mr.Nye,a  former  dean  of  the  Kennedy  School  of  Govemment  at  Harvard  and  one-time
chairman of America’s National Intelligence Council,is best known for promoting the idea of “soft power”,based
on persuasion and influence,as a counterpoint to “hard power”,based on coercion(强迫) and force.
Having analyzed the use of soft and hard power in politics and diplomacy in his previous books,Mr.Nye has
now  turned  his  attention  to  the  relationship  between  power  and  leadership,in  both  the  political  and  business
spheres.Machiavelli,he  notes,concluded  that “one  ought  to  be  both  feared  and  loved,but  as  it  is  difficult  for  the
two  to  go  together,it  is  much  safer  to  be  feared  than  loved.”In  short,hard  power  is  preferable  to  soft  power.But
modem leadership theorists have come to the opposite conclusion.
The  context  of  leadership  is  changing,the  observe,and  the  historical  emphasis  on  hard  power  is  becoming
outdated.In modem companies and democracies,power is increasingly diffused and traditional hierarchies(等级制)
are being undermined,making soft power ever more important.But that does not mean coercion should now take a
back seat to persuasion.Mr.Nye argues.Instead,he advocates a synthesis of these two views.The conclusion of The
Powers  to  Lead  ,his  survey  of  the  theory  of  leadership,is  that  a  combination  of  hard  and  soft  power,which  he
calls”smart power”,is the best approach.
The dominant theoretical  model of leadership at the  moment is ,apparently,the “transformational leadership
pattern”.Anone allergic(反感) to management term will already be running for the exit,but Mr,Nye has performed
a valuable service in rounding up and summarizing the various academic studies and theories of leadcriship into a
single,slim volume.He examines different approaches to leadership,the morality of leadership and how the wider
context  can  determine  the  effcctiveness  of  a  particular  leader.There  are  plcnty  of  anccdotes  and  examples,both
historical and contemporary,political and corporate.
Alsa,leadership is a slippery subject,and as he depicts various theories,even Mr.Nye never quite nails the jelly
to the wall.He is at his most interesting when discussing the moral aspects of leadershipin particular,the question
of whether it is sometimes necessary for good leaders    to lie –and he provides a helpful 12-point summary of his
conclusions.A recuming theme is that as circumstances change,different sorts of leadcrs are required;a leader who
thrives in  one  environment  may struggle in another,and  vice  versa.Ultimately that is just a fancy way  of saying
that leadcrship offers no casy answers.
51.From the first two paragraphs we may learn than Mr.Machiavelli’s idea of hard power is ______.
A.well accepted by Joseph Nye
B.very influential till nowadays
C.based on sound theories
D.contrary to that of modem leadership theorists
52.Which of the following makes soft power more important today according to Mr.Nye?
A.Coercion is widespread.
B.Morality is devalued.
C.Power is no longer concentrated.
D.Traditional hierarchies are strengthened
 
www.mbaschool.com.cn
 
53.In his book the Powers to lead,Mr.Nye has exmined all the following aspects of leadership EXCEPT_____.
A.authority
B.context
C.approaches
D.morality
54.Mr.Nye’s book is particularly valuable in that it _____.
A.makes little use of management terms  
B.summarizes various studies concisely
C.serves as an exit for leadership researchers
D.sets a model for contemporary corporate leaders
55.According to the author,the most interesting part of Mr.Nye’s book lies in his _____.
A.view of changeable leadership
B.definition of good leadership
C.summary of leadership history
D.discussion of moral leadership
PASSAGE4
Questions 56to 60are based on the following passage:
Americans don't like to lose wars. Of course, a lot depends on how you define just what a war is. There are
shooting  wars—the  kind  that  test  patriotism  and  courage—and  those  are  the  kind  at  which  the  U.S  excels.  But
other struggles test those qualities too. What else was the Great Depression or the space race or the construction of
the railroads? If American indulge in a bit of flag—when the job is done, they earned it.
Now there is a similar challenge. Global warming. The steady deterioration(恶化)of the very climate of this
very  planet is becoming a war of the first  order, and by  any  measure, the  U.S.  produces  nearly a quarter of  the
world's greenhouse gases each year and has stubbornly made it clear that it doesn't intend to do a whole lot about
it. Although 174 nations approved the admittedly flawed Kyoto accords to reduce carbon levels, the U.S. walked
away from them. There are vague promises of manufacturing fuel from herbs or powering cars with hydrogen. But
for a country that tightly cites patriotism as one of its core values, the U.S. is taking a pass on what might be the
most patriotic struggle of all. It's hard to imagine a bigger fight than one for the survival of a country's coasts and
farms, the health of its people and stability of its economy.
  The rub is, if the vast majority of people increasingly agree that climate change is a global emergency, there's
far less agreement  on  how to  fix it.  Industry  offers its pans, which too  often  would fix  little. Environmentalists
offer theirs, which too often amount to native wish lists that could  weaken American's growth. But let's assume
that  those  interested  parties  and  others  will  always  bent  the  table  and  will  always  demand  that  their  voices  be
heard and that their needs be addressed. What would an aggressive, ambitious, effective plan look like—one that
would leave the U.S. both environmentally safe and economically sound?
  Halting  climate  change  will  be  far  harder.  One  of  the  more  conservative  plans  for  addressing  the  problem
calls for a reduction of 25 billion tons of carbon emissions over the next 52 year. And yet by devising a consistent
strategy that  mixes and blends  pragmatism(实用主义)with ambition, the U.S. can, without  major damage to the
economy,  help  halt  the  worst  effects  of  climate  change  and  ensure  the  survival  of  its  way  of  life  for  future
generations. Money will do some of the work, but what's needed most is will. “I'm not saying the challenge isn't
almost overwhelming,” says Fred Krupp. “But this is America, and America has risen to these challenges before.”
56. What does the passage mainly discuss?
    A. Human wars.
    B. Economic crisis.
    C. America's environmental policies.
    D. Global environment in general.
57.  From  the  last  sentence  of  paragraph  2  we  may  learn  that  the  survival  of  a  country's  coasts  and  farms,  the
health of its people and the stability of its economy is__________.
      A. of utmost importance
      B. a fight no one can win
      C. beyond people's imagination
      D. a less significant issue
58. Judging from the context, the word “rub”(Line 1, Para.3)probably means_______.
      A. friction
      B. contradiction  
      C. conflict  
      D. problem
59. What is the author's attitude toward America's policies on global warming?
      A. Critical
      B. Indifferent
      C. Supportive
      D. Compromising
60. The paragraphs immediately following this passage would most probably deal with___________.  
      A. the new book written by Fred Krupp
      B. how America can fight against global warming
      C. the harmful effects of global warming  
      D. how America can tide over economic crisis  
 
 
中国 MBA 备考网•MBA 备考权威门户


Part IV Translation (20%)

Direction: In this part there is a passage in English.  Translate the following parts into Chinese and  write
your translation on Answer Sheet 2.
With the nation’s financial system teetering on a cliff. The compensation arrangements for executives of the
big banks and other financial firms are coming under close examination again.
Bankers’ excessive risk- taking is a significant cause of this financial crisis and has continued, to others in the past,
in this case, it was fueled by low interest rates and kept going by a false sense of security created by a debt-fueled
bubble in the economy.
Mortgage lenders  gladly  lent  enormous sums to  those  who could  not afford to  pay  them back  dividing the
laws  and  selling  them  off  to  the  next  financial  institution  along  the  chain,  advantage  of  the  same  high-tech
securitization to load on more risky mortgage-based assets.
Financial regulation will have to catch  up with the  most  irresponsible practices that led banks  down in this
road, in hopes averting the next crisis, which is likely to involve different financial techniques and different sorts
of assets. But it is worth examining the root problem of compensation schemes that are tied to short-term profits
and revenue’s, and thus encourage bankers to take irresponsible risks.

Part V Writing (20%)

Direction:  In this section, you are asked to write an essay based  on the  following information. Make  comments
and express your own opinion. You should write at least 150 words on Answer Sheet 2.
At present, there is no doubt that short message plays an increasingly important role in our lives. We are all
aware that, like everything else, short message have both favorable and unfavorable aspects. To tell the truth from
the very bottom of my heart, more advantages may arise as a result of sending the short messages.
Generally speaking, the advantages can be listed as follows. First of all, in festivals, we can send short messages
to wish good luck to other people we know. It brings us a lot of convenience. In addition, short message connects
its  users with the  outside  world. For example, some  people subscribe  weather  forecast  or news short  messages,
with  them,  people’s  life  will  be  greatly  enriched.  One  more  point,  though  not  conclusive,  is  that  the  short
messages make our lives more colorful.
      From what has been discussed above, we can arrive at a conclusion that it is certainly beneficial for people to
use short messages. Therefore, everyone should be encouraged be enjoy the short message service.
SECRION I:
1-10  BACDD  CBADC 11-20 ABABD  DABCB
SECTION 2:
21-30 CDDBC BDDBA  31-40 BACDA  DBCAC
SECTION 3:
 
中国 MBA 备考网•MBA 备考权威门户


41-50 DBAAC CCBBC  51-60 DCABD CAAAC
SECTION 4:
 
由于国家金融体制处于危机边缘动荡,一些大银行和金融机构中的高级管理人员的补偿金计划就受到
密切关注。
银行家们过度冒险是金融危机的至关重要原因,在历史上也有类似情况。在这种情况下,一般是由低息
引起并造成持续的错觉,其实是一种债务泡沫经济。
抵押贷款人很乐意把大量资金借给无力偿还的人,就把贷款瓜分了,并沿这样的链条出售给下一个金
融机构,这些做法都在利用高科技证券业,结果,却增加了抵押资产的风险。
金融条例必须能应付这种能使银行下滑的,最不负责任的做法,以期扭转下一个危机,而这下一个危机
很可能包括有各种类型的技术和资产。但值得审视补偿金计划的根本问题,因为那是眼前利益,但却让银行
家们不负责任的甘冒风险。

(责任编辑:杭州社科赛斯)

杭州社科赛斯 & 华序教育 版权所有 电话:0571-89938159
地址:浙江省杭州市西湖区余杭塘路69号省委党校社会主义学院407 邮编:310012 备案证编号:浙ICP备15016420号
Copyright ©2013-2014 Hangzhou Success Inc. All Rights Reserved. 官方邮箱:hz-success@126.com 网址:www.soumba.com