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全国MBA/MPA/MPAcc联考10年1月英语真题

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Part I Vocabulary and Structure (10%) Direction: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corres

Part I Vocabulary and Structure (10%)
 
Direction: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked
A, B, C, and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding
letter on the Answer Sheet with a pencil.
1. The poor lady was too              and distressed to talk about the tragedy.
A. engaged            B. exhausted            C. ignorant          D. energetic
2. At fist              , the famous painting doesn’t impress the audience at all.
    A. glance                B. gaze                    C. stare                D. view
3. Delegates agree to the plan in                , but there were some details they didn’t approve.
    A. discipline            B. theory                C. principle          D. nature
4. I took the medicine 10minutes ago, but the bitterness is still                  in my mouth.
  A. scattering            B. felling                C. maintaining      D. lingering
5. Since the                    of human history, human beings have been asking questions like “What is the essence of life.”
    A. dusk                    B. dust                    C. twinkle              D. Dawn
6. The eldest son                            all the family members to discuss how to celebrate the 50th wedding
    anniversary of their parents.
    A. clustered            B. resembled            C. assembled          D. rendered
7. I must leave now,                        ,if you want that book I’LL bring it you tomorrow .
    A. Accidentally      B. Incidentally          C. Occasionally      D. Subsequently
8. My mother is a light sleeper,                        to any sound even as low as the humming of mosquito.
    A. alert                    B. acute                    C. keen                    D. immune
9. The newly built factory is in urgent need of a number of skilled and                            workers.
    A. consistent          B. conscious              C. confidential        D. conscientious
10. As an outstanding scholar, he has become                          to the research team.
    A. senior                B. junior                    C. indispensible        D. independent
11. Sixteen days after the earthquake, 40people,                in their village, were rescued.
      A. trapped            B. confined                C. enclosed              D. captured
12. Working far away from home, Jerry had to              from downtown to his office everyday.
A. wander          B. commute                C. ramble                  D. motion
13. The finance minister has not been so              since he raised taxes to an unbearable level.
        A. famous          B. favorable                C. popular                D. preferable
14. It is unimaginable for someone in such a high              in the govemment to behave so badly in public.
      A. situation          B. position                  C. profession            D. appointment
15. Information given to employees must be                , clear and in easy-to-follow language.
      A.convenient    B.continuous            C.constant            D.concise
16. John was very upset because he was                by the police with breaking the law.
      A. sentenced        B. arrested                  C. accused                D. charged
17. David likes country life and has decided                farming.
    A. go in for            B. go back on            C. go along with        D. go through with
18. Jennifer has never really            her son’s death. It’s very hard to accept the face that she’ll never have a child.
A. come to terms with    B. come up against    C. come out with    D. come down to
19. A national debate is now            about whether we should replace golden weeks with paid Vacations.
A. in the way              B. by the way            C. under way            D. out of the way
20. When a psychologist does a general experiment about the  human  mind,  he selects  people                and asks
them questions.
A. at ease                    B. at random              C. in essence            D. in sum

Part II Cloze (10%)

Direction: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B
C, and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter
on the Answer Sheet with a pencil.

In1999,  the  price  of  oil  hovered  around  $16  a  barrel.  By  2008,  it  had      21 the  $100  a  barrel  mark.  The
reasons for the surge 22        from the dramatic growth of the economies of china and India to widespread      23   
in  oil-producing  regions,  including  Iraq  and  Nigeria’s    delta  region.  Triple-digit  oil  prices  have      24     the  
economic    and  political  map  of  the  world,      25    some  old  notions  of  power.  Oil-rich  nations  are  enjoying
historic gains and opportunities,      26      major importers—including china  
and    India, home to a third of the world’s population--    27    rising economic and social costs.
          Managing this new order is fast becoming a central      28     of global politics. Countries that need oil are
clawing  at  each  other  to  29  scarce  supplies,  and  are  willing  to  deal  with  any    government,    30   how  
unpleasant, to do it .
          In  many  poor  nations  with  oil  ,  the  profits  are  being  ,lost  to  corruption,  31    these  countries  of  their  best
hope for development. And oil is fueling enormous investment funds run by foreign governments,    32    some in
the west see as a new threat.
          Countries like Russia, Venezuela and Iran are well supplied with rising oil    33, a change reflected in newly
aggressive  foreign  policies.  But  some  unexpected  countries  are  reaping  benefits,    34  costs,  from  higher  prices.
Consider  Germany.    35   it  imports  virtually  all  its  oil,  it  has  prospered  from  extensive  trade  with  a  booming
Russia and the Middle East. German exports to Russia 36 128 percent from 2001 to 2006.
In the United States, as already high gas prices rose    37    higher in the spring of 2008,the issue cropped up
in  the  presidential  campaign,  with  Senators  McCain  and  Obama    38    for  a  federal  gas  tax  holiday  during  the
peak summer driving months. And driving habits began to    39 , as sales of small cars jumped and mass transport
systems 40 the country reported a sharp increase in riders.
21. A. come                    B. gone                    C. crossed                  D. arrived
22. A. covered                B. discovered          C. arranged                D. ranged
23. A. intensity              B. infinity                C. insecurity                D. instability
24. A. drawn                  B. redrawn              C. retained                    D. reviewed
25. A. fighting              B. struggling              C. challenging            D. threatening
26. A. and                    B. while                      C. thus                        D. though
27. A. confine              B. conflict                  C. conform                  D. confront
28. A. problem              B. question                C. matter                    D. event
29. A. look for              B. lock up                    C. send out                D. keep off
30. A. no matter            B. what if                    C. only if                  D. in spite of
31. A. abolishing          B. depriving                  C. destroying          D. eliminating
32. A. what                  B. that                            C. which                  D. whom
33. A. interests          B. taxes                        C. incomes              D. revenues
34. A. as many as          B. as good as                C. as far as              D. as well as
35. A. Although            B. Because                    C. Since                  D. As  
36. A. advanced          B. grew                          C. reduces                D. multiplied
37. A. even                  B. still                          C. rather                    D. fairly
38. A. asking              B. requesting                  C. calling                  D. demanding
39.A. change              B. turn                            C. shift                      D. transform
40. A. for                    B. from                            C. across                  D. over

Part III Reading Comprehension (40%)
Direction:  There  are  4  passages  in  this  part.  Each  passage  is  followed  by  some  questions  or  unfinished
statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best
choice. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a pencil.

PASSAGE1
Henric  Ibsen  ,author  of  the  play“A  Doll’s  House”,  in  which  a  pretty,  helpless  housewife  abandons  Her
husband and children to seek a more serious life, would surely have approved.. From January Ist ,2008, all public
companies in Norway are obliged to ensure that at least 40% of their board directors are women. Most firms have
obeyed the law, which was passed in 2003.But about 75 out of the 480 or so companies it affects are still too male
for  the  government’s  liking.  They  will  shortly  receive  a  letter  informing  them  that  they  have  until  the  end  of
February to act , or face the legal consequences---which could include being dissolved.
      Before the law was proposed, about 7% of board members in Norway were female , according to the Centre
for Corporate Diversity .The number has since jumped to 36%. That is far higher than the average of 9% for big
companies across Europe or America’s 15% for the Fortune 500.Norway’s stock exchange and its main business
lobby oppose the law, as do many businessmen.” I am against quotas for women or men as a matter of principle,”
says  Sverre  Munck  ,  head  of  international  operations  at  a  media  firm. “Board  members  of  public  companies
should  be  chosen  solely  on  the  basis  of  merit  and  experience,”be  says.  Several  firms  have  even  given  up  their
public status in order to escape the new law.
Companies have had to recruit about 1,000 women in four years. Many complain that it has been Difficult to
find  experienced  candidates.  Because  of  this,  some  of  the  best  women  have  collected  as  many  as  25-35
directorships  each,  and  are  known  in  Norwegian  business  circles  as  the “golden  skirts”.  One  reason  for  the
scarcity is that there are fairly few women in management in Norwegian companies---they occupy around 15% of
senior  positions.  It  has  been  particularly  hard  for  firms  in  the  oil,  technology  and  financial  industries  to  find
women with a enough experience.
Some people worry that their relative lack of experience may keep women quiet on boards, and that In turn
could mean that boards might become less able to hold managers to account. Recent history in Norway, however,
suggests  that  the  right  women  can  make  strong  directors. “Women  feel  more  compelled  than  men  to  do  their
homework,” says Ms  Reksten Skaugen , who  was voted Norway’s chairman of the  year for 2007, “and  we  can
afford to ask the hard questions, because women are not always expected to know the answers.”
41. The author mentions Ibsen’s play in the first paragraph in order to                      .
      A. depict women’s dilemma at work  
      B. explain the newly passed law  
      C. support Norwegian government  
      D. introduce the topic under discussion
42. A public company that fails to obey the new law could be forced to                      .
A. pay a heavy fine  
B. close down its business
C. change to a private business
D. sign a document promising to act  
43. To which of the following is Sverre Munck most likely to agree?
      A. A set ratio of women in a board is unreasonable.
      B. A reasonable quota for women at work needs to be set.
      C. A common principle should be followed by all companies.
      D. An inexperienced businessman is not subject to the new law.
44.The author attributes the phenomenon of “golden skirts” to                        .
      A. the small number of qualified females in management
B. the over-recruitment of female managers in public companies  
C. the advantage women enjoy when competing for senior positions
D. the discrimination toward women in Norwegian business circles
45. The main idea of the passage might be                  .
      A. female power and liberation in Norway
      B. the significance of Henric Ibsen’s play
      C. women’s status in Norwegian firms
      D. the constitution of board members in Norway

PASSAGE2
 
While there’s never a good age to  get cancer,  people  in  their 20s and 30s can  feel  particularly isolated. The
average age of a cancer patient at diagnosis is 67. Children with cancer often are treated at pediatric (小儿科的)
cancer centers, but young adults have a tough time finding peers, often sitting side-by-side during treatments with
people who could be their grandparents.
      In  her  new book  Crazy Sexy  Cancer Tips,  writer Kris Carr looks at cancer from  the  perspective  of a young
adult who confronts death just as she’s discovering life. Ms. Carr was 31 when she was diagnosed with a rare from
of cancer that had generated tumors on her liver and lungs.
      Ms.  Carr  reacted  with  the  normal  feelings  of  shock  and  sadness.  She  called  her  parents  and  stocked  up  on
organic  food,  determined  to  become  a “full-time  healing  addict.”  Then  she  picked  up  the  phone  and  called
everyone  in  her  address  book,  asking  if  they  knew  other  young  women  with  cancer.  The  result  was  her  own
personal “cancer posse”: a rock concert tour manager, a model, a fashion magazine editor, a cartoonist and a MTV
celebrity,  to  name  a  few.  This  club  of    “cancer  babes”  offered  support,  advice  and  fashion  tips,  among  other
things.
      Ms. Carr put her cancer experience in a recent Learning Channel documentary, and she has written a practical
guide about  how she coped. Cancer isn’t  funny, but Ms. Carr often is. She swears, she  makes  up  names for the
people who treat her ( Dr. Fabulous and Dr. Guru ), and she even makes second sound fun (“cancer road trips,”
she calls them).
      She leaves the  medical advice  to  doctors, instead  offering insightful and  practical tips that reflect  the  world
view of a young adult. “I refused to let cancer ruin my party,” she writes. “ There ‘re just too many cool things to
do and plan and live for.”
      Ms.  Carr  still  has  cancer,  but  it  has  stopped  progressing.  Her  cancer  tips  include  using  time-saving  mass
e-mails to keep friends informed, sewing or buying fashionable hospital gowns so you’re not stuck with regulation
blue  or gray and  playing Gloria Gaynor’s “I Will Survive” so loud  you  neighbors call the police. Ms. Carr also
advises an eyebrow wax and a new outfit before you tell the important people in your illness. “ people you tell are
going  to  cautious  and  not  so  cautiously  try  to  see  the  cancer,  so  dazzle  them  instead  with  your  miracle,”  she
writes.
      While her advice may sound superficial, it gets to the heart of what every cancer patient wants: the chance to
live life just as she always did, and maybe better.
46. Which of the following groups is more vulnerable to cancer?
A. Children.
B. People in their 20s and 30s.
C. Young adults.
D. Elderly people.
47. All of the following statements are true EXCEPT _______.
A. Kris Carr is a female writer
B. Kris Carr is more than 31-year-old.
C. Kris Carr works in a cancer center.
D. Kris Carr is very optimistic.
48. The phrase “cancer posse” (Line 4, para.3 ) probably refers to ________
A. a cancer research organization
B. a group of people who suffer from cancer
C. people who have recovered from cancer
D. people who cope with cancer
49. Kris Carr make up names for the people who treat her because ________
A. she is depressed and likes swearing
B. she is funny and likes playing jokes on doctor
C. she wants to leave the medical advice to doctor
D. she tries to leave a good impression on doctor
50. From Kris Carr’s cancer tips we may infer that ________
A. she learned to use e-mails after she got cancer
B. she wears fashionable dress even after suffering from cancer
C. hospital gowns for cancer patients are usually not in bright colors
D. the neighbors are very friendly with cancer patients

PASSAGE3
Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:
Should a leader strive to be loved or feared?This question,famously posed by Machiavelli,lies at the heart of
Joseph  Nye’s  new  book.Mr.Nye,a  former  dean  of  the  Kennedy  School  of  Govemment  at  Harvard  and  one-time
chairman of America’s National Intelligence Council,is best known for promoting the idea of “soft power”,based
on persuasion and influence,as a counterpoint to “hard power”,based on coercion(强迫) and force.
Having analyzed the use of soft and hard power in politics and diplomacy in his previous books,Mr.Nye has
now  turned  his  attention  to  the  relationship  between  power  and  leadership,in  both  the  political  and  business
spheres.Machiavelli,he  notes,concluded  that “one  ought  to  be  both  feared  and  loved,but  as  it  is  difficult  for  the
two  to  go  together,it  is  much  safer  to  be  feared  than  loved.”In  short,hard  power  is  preferable  to  soft  power.But
modem leadership theorists have come to the opposite conclusion.
The  context  of  leadership  is  changing,the  observe,and  the  historical  emphasis  on  hard  power  is  becoming
outdated.In modem companies and democracies,power is increasingly diffused and traditional hierarchies(等级制)
are being undermined,making soft power ever more important.But that does not mean coercion should now take a
back seat to persuasion.Mr.Nye argues.Instead,he advocates a synthesis of these two views.The conclusion of The
Powers  to  Lead  ,his  survey  of  the  theory  of  leadership,is  that  a  combination  of  hard  and  soft  power,which  he
calls”smart power”,is the best approach.
The dominant theoretical  model of leadership at the  moment is ,apparently,the “transformational leadership
pattern”.Anone allergic(反感) to management term will already be running for the exit,but Mr,Nye has performed
a valuable service in rounding up and summarizing the various academic studies and theories of leadcriship into a
single,slim volume.He examines different approaches to leadership,the morality of leadership and how the wider
context  can  determine  the  effcctiveness  of  a  particular  leader.There  are  plcnty  of  anccdotes  and  examples,both
historical and contemporary,political and corporate.
Alsa,leadership is a slippery subject,and as he depicts various theories,even Mr.Nye never quite nails the jelly
to the wall.He is at his most interesting when discussing the moral aspects of leadershipin particular,the question
of whether it is sometimes necessary for good leaders    to lie –and he provides a helpful 12-point summary of his
conclusions.A recuming theme is that as circumstances change,different sorts of leadcrs are required;a leader who
thrives in  one  environment  may struggle in another,and  vice  versa.Ultimately that is just a fancy way  of saying
that leadcrship offers no casy answers.
51.From the first two paragraphs we may learn than Mr.Machiavelli’s idea of hard power is ______.
A.well accepted by Joseph Nye
B.very influential till nowadays
C.based on sound theories
D.contrary to that of modem leadership theorists
52.Which of the following makes soft power more important today according to Mr.Nye?
A.Coercion is widespread.
B.Morality is devalued.
C.Power is no longer concentrated.
D.Traditional hierarchies are strengthened
53.In his book the Powers to lead,Mr.Nye has exmined all the following aspects of leadership EXCEPT_____.
A.authority
B.context
C.approaches
D.morality
54.Mr.Nye’s book is particularly valuable in that it _____.
A.makes little use of management terms  
B.summarizes various studies concisely
C.serves as an exit for leadership researchers
D.sets a model for contemporary corporate leaders
55.According to the author,the most interesting part of Mr.Nye’s book lies in his _____.
A.view of changeable leadership
B.definition of good leadership
C.summary of leadership history
D.discussion of moral leadership
PASSAGE4
Questions 56to 60are based on the following passage:
Americans don't like to lose wars. Of course, a lot depends on how you define just what a war is. There are
shooting  wars—the  kind  that  test  patriotism  and  courage—and  those  are  the  kind  at  which  the  U.S  excels.  But
other struggles test those qualities too. What else was the Great Depression or the space race or the construction of
the railroads? If American indulge in a bit of flag—when the job is done, they earned it.
Now there is a similar challenge. Global warming. The steady deterioration(恶化)of the very climate of this
very  planet is becoming a war of the first  order, and by  any  measure, the  U.S.  produces  nearly a quarter of  the
world's greenhouse gases each year and has stubbornly made it clear that it doesn't intend to do a whole lot about
it. Although 174 nations approved the admittedly flawed Kyoto accords to reduce carbon levels, the U.S. walked
away from them. There are vague promises of manufacturing fuel from herbs or powering cars with hydrogen. But
for a country that tightly cites patriotism as one of its core values, the U.S. is taking a pass on what might be the
most patriotic struggle of all. It's hard to imagine a bigger fight than one for the survival of a country's coasts and
farms, the health of its people and stability of its economy.
  The rub is, if the vast majority of people increasingly agree that climate change is a global emergency, there's
far less agreement  on  how to  fix it.  Industry  offers its pans, which too  often  would fix  little. Environmentalists
offer theirs, which too often amount to native wish lists that could  weaken American's growth. But let's assume
that  those  interested  parties  and  others  will  always  bent  the  table  and  will  always  demand  that  their  voices  be
heard and that their needs be addressed. What would an aggressive, ambitious, effective plan look like—one that
would leave the U.S. both environmentally safe and economically sound?
  Halting  climate  change  will  be  far  harder.  One  of  the  more  conservative  plans  for  addressing  the  problem
calls for a reduction of 25 billion tons of carbon emissions over the next 52 year. And yet by devising a consistent
strategy that  mixes and blends  pragmatism(实用主义)with ambition, the U.S. can, without  major damage to the
economy,  help  halt  the  worst  effects  of  climate  change  and  ensure  the  survival  of  its  way  of  life  for  future
generations. Money will do some of the work, but what's needed most is will. “I'm not saying the challenge isn't
almost overwhelming,” says Fred Krupp. “But this is America, and America has risen to these challenges before.”
56. What does the passage mainly discuss?
    A. Human wars.
    B. Economic crisis.
    C. America's environmental policies.
    D. Global environment in general.
57.  From  the  last  sentence  of  paragraph  2  we  may  learn  that  the  survival  of  a  country's  coasts  and  farms,  the
health of its people and the stability of its economy is__________.
      A. of utmost importance
      B. a fight no one can win
      C. beyond people's imagination
      D. a less significant issue
58. Judging from the context, the word “rub”(Line 1, Para.3)probably means_______.
      A. friction
      B. contradiction  
      C. conflict  
      D. problem
59. What is the author's attitude toward America's policies on global warming?
      A. Critical
      B. Indifferent
      C. Supportive
      D. Compromising
60. The paragraphs immediately following this passage would most probably deal with___________.  
      A. the new book written by Fred Krupp
      B. how America can fight against global warming
      C. the harmful effects of global warming  
      D. how America can tide over economic crisis  
 
 
中国 MBA 备考网•MBA 备考权威门户


Part IV Translation (20%)

Direction: In this part there is a passage in English.  Translate the following parts into Chinese and  write
your translation on Answer Sheet 2.
With the nation’s financial system teetering on a cliff. The compensation arrangements for executives of the
big banks and other financial firms are coming under close examination again.
Bankers’ excessive risk- taking is a significant cause of this financial crisis and has continued, to others in the past,
in this case, it was fueled by low interest rates and kept going by a false sense of security created by a debt-fueled
bubble in the economy.
Mortgage lenders  gladly  lent  enormous sums to  those  who could  not afford to  pay  them back  dividing the
laws  and  selling  them  off  to  the  next  financial  institution  along  the  chain,  advantage  of  the  same  high-tech
securitization to load on more risky mortgage-based assets.
Financial regulation will have to catch  up with the  most  irresponsible practices that led banks  down in this
road, in hopes averting the next crisis, which is likely to involve different financial techniques and different sorts
of assets. But it is worth examining the root problem of compensation schemes that are tied to short-term profits
and revenue’s, and thus encourage bankers to take irresponsible risks.

Part V Writing (20%)

Direction:  In this section, you are asked to write an essay based  on the  following information. Make  comments
and express your own opinion. You should write at least 150 words on Answer Sheet 2.
At present, there is no doubt that short message plays an increasingly important role in our lives. We are all
aware that, like everything else, short message have both favorable and unfavorable aspects. To tell the truth from
the very bottom of my heart, more advantages may arise as a result of sending the short messages.
Generally speaking, the advantages can be listed as follows. First of all, in festivals, we can send short messages
to wish good luck to other people we know. It brings us a lot of convenience. In addition, short message connects
its  users with the  outside  world. For example, some  people subscribe  weather  forecast  or news short  messages,
with  them,  people’s  life  will  be  greatly  enriched.  One  more  point,  though  not  conclusive,  is  that  the  short
messages make our lives more colorful.
      From what has been discussed above, we can arrive at a conclusion that it is certainly beneficial for people to
use short messages. Therefore, everyone should be encouraged be enjoy the short message service.
SECRION I:
1-10  BACDD  CBADC 11-20 ABABD  DABCB
SECTION 2:
21-30 CDDBC BDDBA  31-40 BACDA  DBCAC
SECTION 3:
 
中国 MBA 备考网•MBA 备考权威门户


41-50 DBAAC CCBBC  51-60 DCABD CAAAC
SECTION 4:
 
由于国家金融体制处于危机边缘动荡,一些大银行和金融机构中的高级管理人员的补偿金计划就受到
密切关注。
银行家们过度冒险是金融危机的至关重要原因,在历史上也有类似情况。在这种情况下,一般是由低息
引起并造成持续的错觉,其实是一种债务泡沫经济。
抵押贷款人很乐意把大量资金借给无力偿还的人,就把贷款瓜分了,并沿这样的链条出售给下一个金
融机构,这些做法都在利用高科技证券业,结果,却增加了抵押资产的风险。
金融条例必须能应付这种能使银行下滑的,最不负责任的做法,以期扭转下一个危机,而这下一个危机
很可能包括有各种类型的技术和资产。但值得审视补偿金计划的根本问题,因为那是眼前利益,但却让银行
家们不负责任的甘冒风险。


Section1      Use of English

Directions:

Read  the  following  text.Choose  the  best  word(s)  for  each  numbered  blank  and  markA,B,C,D  on  answer

sheet1(10points)
 

          The  outbreak  of  swine  flu  that  was  first  detectted  in  Mexico  was  declared  a  global  epidemic  on  June

11,2009.It is the first worldwide epidemic___1___ by the Word Health Organization in 41 years.

          The heightened alert___2___an emergency meeting with flu experts in Geneva that assembled after a sharp

rise in cases in Australia,and rising____3___in Britain,Japan,Chile and elsewhere.

            But  the  epidemic  is”____4__”in  severity,according  to  Margaret  Chan,the  organization’s  director

general,____5___the  overwhelming  majority  of  patients  experiencing  only  mild  symptoms  and  a  full

recovery,often in the____6____of any medical treatment.

            The outbreak came to global____7__in late April 2009,when Mexican authorities noted an unusually large

number of hospiyalizations and deaths_____8___healthy adults.AS much of mexico City shut down at the height

of a panic,cases began to____9____in New York Ciity,the southwestern United States and arounnd the world.

              In  the  United  states,new  caases  seemed  to  fade____10__warner  weather  arrived.But  in  late  September

2009,officials  reported  there  was_____11____flu  activity  in  almost  every  state  and  that  virtually  all

the____12__tested  are  the  new  swine  flu,also  known  as(A)H1N1,not  seasonal  flu.In  the  U.S,it

has______13____more  than  one  million  people,and  caused  more  than  600  deaths  and  more  than  6,000

hospitalizations.

              Federal  health  officials____14_____Tamiflu  for  children  from  the  national  stockpile  and

began___15_____orders from the states  for the  new swine  flu  vaccine.The new  vaccine,which is  different  from

theannual  flu  vaccine,is  ___16_____ahead  of  expectations.More  than  three  million  doses  were  to  be  made

available in early October 2009,though most those___17____dose were of the FluMist nasal spray type,which is

not ____18_____for pergnant women,people over 50 or those with breathing difficultise,heart disease or several

other___19____.But  it  was  still  possible  to  vaccine  people  in  other  high-risk  groups:health  care  

workers,people___20____infants and healthy young people.


1. [A]criticized          [B]appointed          [C]commented          [D]designated
2. [A]proceeded        [B]activated            [C]followed              [D]prompted
3. [A]digits                [B]numbers              [C]amounts                [D]sums
4. [A]moderate          [B]normal                [C]unusual                [D]extreme
5. [A]with                  [B]in                        [C]from                      [D]by
6. [A]progress            [B]absence              [C]presence              [D]favor
7. [A]reality                [B]phenomenon    [C]concept                  [D]notice
8. [A]over                  [B]for                      [C]among                  [D]to
9. [A]stay up              [B]crop up              [C]fill up                    [D]cover up
10. [A]as                      [B]if                        [C]unless                    [D]until
11. [A]excessive          [B]enormous          [C]significant              [D]magnificent
12. [A]categories          [B]examples            [C]patterns                [D]samples
13. [A]imparted            [B]immersed          [C]injected                  [D]infected
14. [A]released            [B]relayed              [C]relieved                  [D]remained
15. [A]placing              [B]delivering          [C]taking                      [D]giving
16. [A]feasible            [B]available            [C]reliable                    [D]applicable
17. [A]prevalent          [B]principal            [C]innovative                [D]initial
18. [A]presented          [B]restricted            [C]recommended        [D]introduced
19. [A]problems          [B]issues                [C]agonies                    [D]sufferings
20. [A]involved in        [B]caring for        [C]concerned with      [D]warding off


Text1

The lonest bull run in a century  of art-market history ended  on a dramatic note with a sale of 56 works by

Damien  Hiret,Beautiful  Inside  My  Head  Forever,at  Sotheby’s  in  London  on  September  15th  2008.All  but  two

pieces sold,fetching more than £70m, a record for a sale by a single artist.It was a last victory.As the auctioneer

called out bids,in New York one of the olsest banks on Wall Street,Lehman Brother, filed for bankruptcy.

The  world  art  market  had  already  been  losing  momentum  for  a  while  after  rising  bewilderingly

singce2003.At  its  peak  in  2007  it  was  worth  some $65  billion,reckons  Clare  McAndrew,founder  of  art

Economics,a  research  firm—double  the  figure  five  year  earlier.  Since  then  it  may  have  come  down  to $50

billion.But  the  market  generates  interest  far  beyond  its  size  because  it  brings  together  great  wealth,enormous

egos,greed,passion and controversy in a way matched by few other industries.

  In  the  weeks  and  months  that  followed  Mr.Hirst’s  sale,  spending  of  any  sort  became  deeply

unfashionable.In  the  art  world  that  meant  collectors  stayed  away  from  galleries  and  salerooms.  Sale  of

contemporary  art  fell  by  two—thirds,and  in  the  most  overheated  sector,they  were  down  by  nearly  90%  in  the
year to November 2008.Within weeks the world’s two biggest auction houses,Sotheby’s and Christie’s,had to pay

out nearly $200m in guarantees to    clients who had placed    works for sale with them.
  The    current downturn in the art maiket is the worst since the Japanese stopped buying Impressionist at the

end  of  1989.This  time  experts  reckon  that  prices  are  about  40%  down  on  their  peak  on  average,  though  some

have been far more fluctuant.But Edward Dolman,Christe’s chief executive, say’s :“I’m pretty confident we ‘re at

the bottom.”
 
What  makes  this  slump  different  from  the  last,he  say’s,  is  that  there  are  still  buyers  in  the  market.Almost

everyone who was interviewed for this special report said that the biggst problem at the moment is not a lack of

demand but a lack of good work to sell.The three Ds–death,debt and divorce—still deliver workers of art to the

market.But anyone who does not have to sell is keeping away,waiting for confidence to return.

 

21.In the first paragraph,Damien Hirst’s sale was referred to as “a last victory” because____

[A]the art marker had witnessed a succession of victories  

[B]the auctiomneer finally got the two pieces at the highest bids  

[C]Beautiful inside My Head Foreuvr won over all masterpieces

[D]it was successfully made just before the world financial crisis

22.By saying “spending of any sort became deeply unfashionable”(Line 1-2.para.3),the author suggests that___

[A]collectors were no longer activedly in art –market auctions

[B]peoele stopped every kind of spending and stayed away form galleries  

[C]art collection as a fashion had lost its appeal to a great extent  

[D]works of art in general    had gone out of fashion so they were not worth buying

23.Which of the foiiowing statements is NOT ture?

[A]Sales of contemporary art fell dramatically from 2007 to 2008

[B]The art market surpassed many other industries in momentun.

[C]The art market generally went downward in various ways.

[D]Some art dealers were awaiting better chanes to come.

24.The three Ds mentioned in the last paragraph are___

[A]auction houses’ favorites

[B]contemporary trends

[C]factors promoting artwork circulation

[D]factor promoting artwork circulation

[D] styles representing Imperssionists

25.The most appropriate title for this text could be__

[A]Fluctuation of Art prices

[B]Up-to-date Art Auctions

[C]Art Market in Decline

[D]Shifted Interest in Arts
 
Text2
 
    I was addressing a small gathering in a suburban Virginia living room –a women’s group that had invited men

to  join  them.throughout  the  evening,one  man  had  been  particularly  talkative,frequently  offering  ideas  and

anecdotes,while  his  wife  sat  silently  beside  him  on  the  couch.Toward  the  end  of  the  evening,Icommented  that

women  frequently  complain  that  their  husbands  don’t  talk  to  them.This  man  quickly  nodded  in  agreement.He

gestured  toward  his  wife and said,”She’s the  talker in our family.”The room burst into laughter;the  man looked

puzzled and hurt.”It’s true,”he explained.”When I come home from work I have nothing to say .If she didn’t keep

the conversation going,we’d spend the whole evening in silence.”

    This  episode  crystallizes  the  irony  that  although  American  men  tend  to  talk  more  that  women  in  public

situalions,they often talk less at home.And this pattern is wreaking havoc with marriage.

    The pattern was observed by  political scientist Andrew Hacker in the late 1970s.sociologist Catherine Kohler

Riessman reports in  her new book Divorce Talk that  most of the  women she interviewed-but  only a few  of the

men-gave  lack  of  communication  as  the  reason  for  their  divorces.Given  the  current  divorce  rate  of  nearly

50percent,that  amounts  to  millions  of  cases  in  the  United  States  every  year-avirtual  epidemic  of  failed

conversation.

    In my own research,complaints from women about their husbands most often focused not on tangible inequities

such as having given up the chance for a career to accompany a husband to his ,or doing far more than their share

of  daily  life-support  work  like  cleaning,cooking  and  social  arrangements.Instead,they  focused  on

communication:”He  doesn’t  listen  to  me.””He  doesn’t  talk  to  me.”I  found,as  Hacker  observed  years  before,that

most  wives  want  their  husbands  to  be,first  and  foremost,conversational  partners,but  few  husbands  share  this

expectation of their wives.

    In short,the image that best represents the current crisis is the stereotypical cartoon scene of a man sitting at the

breakfast table with a newspaper held  up in front of his  face,while a woman  glares at the back of it ,wanting to

talk.

26.What is most wives’main expectaion of their husbands?

[A] Talking to them.

[B] Trusting them.

[C] Supporting their careers.

D. Sharing housework

27.Judging from the context,the phrase “wreaking havoc”(line3,para.2)most probably means ___.

[A] generating motivation

[B] ex erting influence

[C] causing damage

[D] creating pressure

28.All of the following are true EXCEPT_____.

[A] men tend to talk more in public tha women.

[B] nearly 50 percent of recent divorces are caused by failed conversation

[C] women attach much importance to communication between couples

[D] a female tends to be more talkative at home than her spouse

29.Which of the following can best summarize the main idea of this text?

[A] The moral decaying deserves more research by socilolgists.

[B] Marriage break-up stems from sex inequalities

[C] Husband and wife have different expectations from their marriage.

[D] Conversational patterns between man and wife are different.

30.In the following part immediately after thes text,the author will most probably focus on____

[A] a vivid account of the new book Divorce Talk

[B] a detailed description of the stereotypical cartoon.

[C] other possible reasons for a high divorce rate in the US.

[D] a brief introducition to the polictical scientist Andrew Hacker.

 

Text3
      Over  the  past  decade,many  companies  had  perfected  the  art  of  creating  automatic  behaviors  -habits-among

consumers.These  habits  have  helpd  companies  earn  billions  of  dollars  when  customers  eat  snacks  or  wipe

counters almost without thinking ,often in response to a carefully designed set of daily cues.

“There are fundamental public health problems,like dirty hands instead of a soap habit,that remain killers only
 because  we  can’t figure  out  how to  change  people’s habit,”said Dr.Curtis,the  directof the Hygiene  Center at the

London  School  of  Hygiene&Tropicai  Medicine.”We  wanted  to  learn  from  private  industry  how  to  create  new

behaviors that happen automatically.”

      The  companies  that  Dr.Curtis  turned  to –Procter&Gamble,Colgate  -  Palmolive  and  Unilever –  had  invested

hundreds of millions of dollars finding the suntle cues in consumers’ lives that corporations could use to introduce

new routines.

      If  you  look  hard  enough,you’ll  find  that  many  of  the  products  we  use  every  day  chewing  gums,skin

moisturizers,disinfecting  wipes,air  fresheners,water  purifiers,health  snacks  ,teeth  whiteners,fabric

softeners,vitamins  are  results  of  manufactured  habits.A  century  ago,few  people  regularly  brushed  their  teeth

multiple  times  a  day.Today,because  of  shrewd  advertising  and  public  health  campaigns,many  Americans

habitually  give their  pearly whites a cavity-preventing scrub twice a day ,ofen with Colgate,Crest  or  one  of the

other brands.

      A few decades aga,many people didn’t drink water outside of a meal.Then beverage companies started bottling

the  production  of  far-off  springs,and  now  office  workers  unthinkingly  sip  bottled  water  all  day  long.Chewing

gum,once  bought  primarily  by  adolescent  boys,is  now  featured  in  commercials  as  a  breath  freshener  and  teeth

cleanser for use after a meal.Skin moisturizers are advertised as part of morning beauty rituals,slipped in between

hair brushing and putting on make up .

“Our products succeed when  they become  part of  daily  or weekly  patterns”,said Carol Berning, a consumer

psychologist  who  recently  retired  from  Procter&Gamble,the  company  that  sold  $76  billion  of  Tide,  Crest  and

other products last year.”Creating positive habit is a huge part of improving our consumers’lives,and it’s essential

to making new products commercially viable.”

      Through  experiments  and  observation  ,social  scientists  like  Dr.Berning  have  learned  that  there  is  power  in

tying  certain  behaviors  to  habitual  cues  through  ruthless  advertising.As  this  new  science  of  habit  has

emerged,controversies  have  erupted  when  the  tactics  have  been  used  to  sell  questionable  beauty  creams  or

unhealthy foods.

 

31. According to Dr.Curtis, habits like hand washing with soap_____________

A. should be further cultivated

B. should be changed gradually  

C. are deeply rooted in history

D. are basically private concern
 
32. Bottled water, chewing gum and skin moisturiuzers are mentioned in Paragraph so as to______________

A. reveal their impact on people’s habits

B. show the urgent need of daily necessities

C. indicate their ffect on people’s buying power

D. manifest the significant role of good habits

33.Which of the following does NOT belong to products that help create people’s habits?

A.Tide

B.Crest

C.Colgate

D.Unilever

34.From the texr we know that some of consumers’ habits are developed due to________.

A.perfected art of products

B.automatic behavior creation

C.commercial promotions

D.scientific experiments

35.The author’s attitude toward the influence of advertisement on people’s habits is_____

A.indifferent

B.negative

C.positive

D.biased  

 

Text 4
Many Americans regard the jury system as a concrete expression of crucial democratic values, including the

principles that all citizens who meet minimal qualifications of age and literacy are equally competent to serve on

juries;  that  jurors  should  be  selected  randomly  from  a  representative  cross  section  of  the  community;  that  no

citizen should be denied the right to serve  on a jury on  account of race, religion,sex,or national origin;that

defendants are entitled to trial by their peers; and that verdicts should represent the conscience of the community
and  not  just  the  letter  of  the  law.  The  jury  is  also  said  to  be  the  best  surviving  example  of  direct  rather  than

representative  democracy.  In  a  direct  democracy,  citizens  take  turns  governing  themselves,  rather  than  electing

representatives to govern for them.

But as recently as in 1968, jury selection procedures conflicted with these democratic ideals. In some states,

for example, jury duty was limited to persons of supposedly superior intelligence, education, and moral character.

Although the Supreme Court of the United States had prohibited intentional racial discrimination in jury selection

as early as the 1880 case of Strauder v. West Virginia, the practice of selecting so-called elite or blue-ribbon juries

provided a convenient way around this and other antidiscrimination laws.

The system also  failed to regularly include women  on juries until the  mid-20th  century.  Although  women

first served on state juries in Utah in 1898, it was not until the 1940s that a majority of states made women eligible

for jury duty. Even then several states automatically exempted women from jury duty unless they personally asked

to have their names included on the jury list. This practice was justified by the claim that women were needed at

home, and it kept juries unrepresentative of women through the 1960s.

In 1968, the Congress of the United States passed the Jury Selection and Service Act, ushering in a new era

of  democratic  reforms  for  the  jury.  This  law  abolished  special  educational  requirements  for  federal  jurors  and

required  them  to  be  selected  at  random  from  a  cross  section  of  the  entire  community.  In  the  landmark  1975

decision Taylor v. Louisiana, the Supreme Court extended the requirement that juries be representative of all parts

of the community to the state level. The Taylor decision also declared sex discrimination in jury selection to be

unconstitutional and ordered states to use the same procedures for selecting male and female jurors.

36.From the principles of the US jury system ,we learn that _________.

[A]both literate and illiterate people can sever on juries

[B]defendants are immune from trial by their peers

[C] no age limit should be imposed for jury service

[D]judgment should consider the opinion of the public

37.The practice of selecting so-called elite jurors prior to 1968 showed_________

    [A]the inadequacy of antidiscriminatation laws

    [B]the prevalent discrimination against certain races

    [C]the conflicting ideals in jury selection procedures

    [D]the arrogance common among the supreme Court judges


38.Even in the 1960s,women were seldom on the jury list in some states because

______

    [A]they were automatically banned by state laws

    [B]they fell far short of the required qualifications  

    [C]they were supposed to perform domestic duties

    [D]the lended to evade public engagement

 

39.After the Jury Selection and Service Act was passed________
 [A]sex discrimination in jury selection was unconstitutional and ha to be abolished

[B]educational requirements became less rigid in the selection of federal jurors

[C]jurors at the state level ought to be representative of the entire community

[D]states ought to conform to the federal court in reforming the jury system

40. In discussing the US jury system , the text centers on______

[A]its nature and problems

[B]its characteristics and tradition

[C]its problems and their solutions

[D]its tradition and development  

 

Part B

Directions:

Read the following text and decide whether each of the statement is true or flase.

Choose T if the statement is true or if the statement is not true . Make your answers

on ANSWER SHEET1.( points)

 

Copy Birds May Save Aircraft Fuel
      Both Boeing and Airbus have trumped the efficiency of their newest aircraft, the 787 and A350 respectively.

Their clever designs and lightweight compostites certainly make a dfference. But a group of reseachers at Stanford

University ,led by IIan Kroo,has suggested that airlines could take a more naturalistic approach    cutting jet-fuel

use, and it would not require them to buy new aircraft.

      The  answer,says  Dr  Kroo,lies  with  birds.Since  1914,scientists  have  known  that  birds  flying  in  formation –a

V-shape-expand less energy. The air flowing over a bird’s wings curls upwards behind the wingtips,a phenomenon

know  as  upwash.  Other  birds  flying  in  the  upwash  experience  reduced  drag,  and  spend  less  energy  propelling

themselves  ,Peter  Lissama,an  aeronautics  expert  who  was  formerly  at  Caltech  and  the  university  of  Southern

Caifornia ,has suggested that a formation of 25 birds minght enjoy a range increase of 71%.

      When  applied  to  aircraft,the  principles  are  not  substanially  different.  Dr  Kroo  and  his  team  modelled  what

would happen if three passenger jets departing from Los Angeles, San Francisco and Las Vegas were to assemble

over  Utah  ,assume  an  inverted  V-formation  ,occasionally  change  places  so  all  could  have  a  turn  in  the  most

favourable positions,and    procced to London .They found that the aircraft consumed as  much as 15% less fuel

(coupled with a redution in carbon-dioxide output ).Nitrogen-oxide emmissions during the cruising portions of the

flight fell by around a quarter.

      There are, of course, knots to be worked out. One consideration is safety, or at least the perception of it. Would

passengers feel comfortable travelling in companion? Dr Kroo points out that the aircraft could bu seprarated by

several nautical miles, and would not be in the intimate groupings favoured by display teams like the Red Arrows.

A  passenger  peering  out  of  the  window  might  not  even  see  the  other  planes.  Whether  the  separation  distances

involved  would  satisfy  air-traffic-control  regulations  is  another  matter,  although  a  working  group  at  the

International Civil  Aviation Organisation  has included the  possibility  of formation flying in a blueprint  for new

operational guidelines.

It remains to be seen how weather conditions affect the air flows that make formation flight more efficient. In

zones of increased, the planes wakes will decay  more quickly and the effect will diminish. Dr Kroo says this is

one  of  the  areas  his  team  will  investigate  future.  It  might  also  be  hard  for  airlines  to  co-ordinate  the  departure

times and destinations of passenger aircraft in a way that would allow them to gain from formation flight. Cargo

aircraft, in contrast, might be easier to reschedule, as might routine military flight.  

As  it  happens.  America’s  armed  forces  are  on  the  case  already.  Earlier  this  year  the  country’Defence

Advanced Research Project  Agency announced plans to  pay Boeing to report that some  military aircraft flew in

formation  when  they  were  low  on  fuel  during  the  Second  World  War,  BUT  Dr  Lissaman  says  they  are

unsubstantiated. “My father was an RAF pilot and my cousin the skipper of a Lancaster lost over Berlin,”he adds.

So he should know.
41.Findings of the Stanford University researchers will promote the sales of new Boeing and Airbus aircraft.

42. The upwash experience may save propelling energy as well as reducing resistance.

43. Formation flight is more comfortable because passengers can not see the other planes.

44. The role that weather plays in formation flight has not yet been clearly defined.

45. It has been documented that during World War II, America’s armed forces once tried formation flight to save

fuel.

 

 

Section III Translation

46.Directions:

In this section there is a text in English. Translate it into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET

2.(15 points)

“Sustainability”  has  become  a  popular  word  these  days,  but  to  Ted  Ning,the  concept  will  always  have

personal  meaning.Having  endured  a  painful  period  of  unsustainability  in  his  own  life  made  it  clear  to  him  that

sustainability-oriented values must be expressed through everyday action and choice.

Ning  recalls  speding  a  confusing  year  in  the  late  1990s  selling  insurance.  He’d  been  through  the  dot-com

boom and burst and, desperate for a job,signed on with a Boulder agency.

It didn’t  go well.”It was a really bad move because that’s not  my  passion,”saysNing,whose  dilemma about

the job translated,predictably,into a lack of sales.”I was miserable. I had so much anxiety that I would wake up in

the middle of the night and stare at the ceiling .I had no money and needed the job.Everyone said,’Just wait ,you’ll

turn the corner,give it some time .’”

 

 

Section IV Writing

Part A

47.Directions:

You have just come back from the U.S. as a member of a Sino-American cultural exchange program. Write a

letter your American colleague to  

A.express your thanks for his/her warm reception;

B.welcome him/her to visit China in due course.

C.You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter.Use “Zhang Wei” instead.

Do not write your address.(10 points)

 

Part B

48 Directions:
In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following chart.In your writing, you should

A. interpret the chart and  

B. give your comments.

You should write at least 150 words,

Write your essay on ANSWER SHEET 2.(15points)

 

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